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The degradation of cyanide by anodic electrooxidation using different anode materials

The degradation of cyanide by anodic electrooxidation using different anode materials

Process Safety and Environmental Protection 91(4): 269-274

Cyanides are very popular electrolytes used in metal electroplating, metal ore processing, chemical and electrochemical applications. Due to wide utility of these technologies cyanides become increasingly harmful effluent, which has to be treated. One of the best ways to degrade cyanides is an anodic electrooxidation. In this work the destruction of free cyanide on platinum, titanium and stainless steel (SS) electrodes has been investigated. It was determined that anode material greatly influences the process of cyanide electrooxidation. The best results were obtained by using the Pt electrode. This kind of anode allows us to reduce CN? concentration from .1M to .6M during the first hour of electrolysis at a current density of 2 A m?2, with a current efficiency up to 8%. To substitute expensive Pt anodes Ti electrodes covered with nanolayers of Pt were prepared and used for the anodic oxidation of cyanide ions. An effect of a thickness of Pt layer and temperature of an electrolyte solution were studied. It was established that using platinized Ti electrodes the current efficiencies of electrooxidation of cyanides of about 6% can be obtained. The usage of chloride ions to facilitate the destruction of cyanide was also studied.

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Accession: 036486292

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DOI: 10.1016/j.psep.2012.06.007

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