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Biomechanical Comparison of Internal Fixation Techniques for the Akin Osteotomy of the Proximal Phalanx



Biomechanical Comparison of Internal Fixation Techniques for the Akin Osteotomy of the Proximal Phalanx



The Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery 51(5)



The Akin osteotomy is performed at the proximal phalanx for correction of an abducted great toe in a hallux abducto valgus deformity. Several internal fixation techniques have been widely advocated; however, their respective stabilities have not been compared. A biomechanical analysis was performed comparing 5 commonly used fixation techniques for the Akin osteotomy to determine the strongest method in simulated weightbearing in sawbone models. An Akin osteotomy was uniformly performed on 25 sawbones and fixated with 5 different internal fixation types, including a 2-hole locking plate and locking screws, a heat-sensitive memory staple (8 mm 8 mm), a 28-gauge monofilament wire, 2.7-mm bicortical screws, and crossed .62-in. Kirschner wires. The results of simulated weightbearing load to failure rates with an Instron compression device demonstrated the following mean load to failures: crossed Kirschner wire, 57.5 N; 2-hole locking plate, 36.49 N; monofilament wire, 35.69 N; heat-sensitive memory staple, 34.32 N; and 2.7-mm bicortical screw, 13.66 N. Statistical analysis demonstrated the crossed Kirschner wire technique performed significantly better than the other fixation techniques (p < .7); the 4 other techniques were found not to be significantly different statistically (p = .41) from each another. Our study results suggest a crossing Kirschner wire construct significantly increases the stability of the Akin osteotomy in a sawbone model. This might be clinically extrapolated in an effort to improve patient outcomes because these osteotomies can undergo nonunion and malunion, resulting in postoperative pain and swelling.

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Accession: 036501232

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DOI: 10.1053/j.jfas.2012.05.001


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