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Exergy as an indicator Observations of an aquatic ecosystem model

Exergy as an indicator Observations of an aquatic ecosystem model

Ecological Informatics 12(none)

Exergy is considered as a goal function or ecological orientor. Normally at the edge of oscillation exergy reaches to its maximum value when the ecosystem had no adaptation on it. To study the variation of exergy in different states of ecosystem, a simple three species (phytoplankton, zooplankton and fish) food chain model has been considered. From the model it is shown that the system moves from steady state to chaotic state by decreasing zooplankton body volume in turn increasing its grazing rate. By the property of self-adaptability the system tries to overcome this situation. Two such possible processes are described here: (i) by the toxic effect of phytoplankton and (ii) by reducing half saturation constant of fishes. In both this cases exergy value reduces and the system reaches to stable state. Through the analysis of exergy variation in all these situations this paper shows that the system chose the process in which the reduction of exergy will be the minimum. Dynamics of an aquatic ecosystem model (food chain) has been studied. Two possible processes of self-adaptability of the system have been described. Variation of exergy is observed in different situations of the system. In all these cases, how exergy can be used as an indicator of an ecosystem development has been described.

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Accession: 036508814

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DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoinf.2012.07.004

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