Section 37
Chapter 36,511

Calcaneal quantitative ultrasound compared with hip and femoral neck dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry in people with a spinal cord injury

Schnitzer, T.J.; Wysocki, N.; Barkema, D.; Griffith, J.; Lent, V.; Romba, M.; Welbel, R.; Bhuva, S.; Manyam, B.; Linn, S.

Pm and R the Journal of Injury Function and Rehabilitation 4(10): 748-755


ISSN/ISBN: 1934-1563
PMID: 22841967
DOI: 10.1016/j.pmrj.2012.05.011
Accession: 036510619

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To evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of calcaneal quantitative ultrasound (QUS) measurements for identifying osteoporosis determined by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) at the hip in a spinal cord injury (SCI) population. Cross-sectional retrospective review of data collected in the bone health registry of persons with a disability. Inpatients and outpatients at a single acute rehabilitation hospital. A convenience sample of 66 participants, both inpatients and outpatients, with a spinal cord injury. Calcaneal T scores were determined by ultrasound, and bone density of the lumbar spine, total hip, and femoral neck were determined by DXA. Right and left calcaneal QUS T scores and right and left hip and femoral neck DXA T scores. Right and left hip DXA T scores were strongly associated with corresponding right and left calcaneal QUS T scores (right: r = .72, P < .001; left: r = .70, P < .001). Similar associations were found when we evaluated femoral neck T scores and calcaneal QUS T scores. Receiver operating characteristic analysis for evaluating QUS to identify DXA-defined osteoporosis demonstrated an area under the curve of 0.81 for all participants (acute and chronic injury) and 0.68 for those with a chronic SCI. A strong association exists between calcaneal QUS T scores and bone density T scores at the hip measured by DXA. QUS may have a place in the screening of people with SCI 1 year or more after their injury to evaluate their bone status.

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