+ Translate
+ Most Popular
Spermatogenic and steroidogenic impairment after chromium treatment in rats
Prediction of enthalpy of formation based on refined crystal structures of multisite compounds; Part 1, Theories and examples
Intrastromal photorefractive keratectomy for myopia by Nd:YLF picosecond laser
Teachers' beliefs about the role of prior language knowledge in learning and how these influence teaching practices
Classification and genesis of submarine iron-manganese deposits
Insecta a Cl. G. N. Potanin in China et in Mongolia novissime lecta. XVII. Hemiptera-Heteroptera
On the occurrence of the splendid genus Machaerothrix Haupt in Tsushima, with some remarks on the genus (Hymenoptera, Pompilidae)
Enamel craze lines
Gynecologic examination of the child and the adolescent
Periosteal osteoclasts, skeletal development and ageing
Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva in a Nigerian: a case report
The chronically ill patient with anorexia nervosa development, phenomenology, and therapeutic considerations
Kummelonautilus taiwanum sp. nov. (Nautilida) from the early Miocene Shihmen Formation, Chungliao, Nantou, west-central Taiwan
Efficacy of Droncit against Dipylidium caninum in dogs
Pierids of the genus Euchloe Klots (Lepidoptera, Pieridae) from Siberia and the Far East.
C5A anaphylatoxin and its seven transmembrane-segment receptor
Failure to practice evidence-based medicine: why do physicians not treat patients with heart failure with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors?
Empirical comparisons of proportional hazards regression, Poisson regression, and logistic regression in the analysis of occupational cohort data
Pollination of flowers of sweet and sour cherries
Isopodi terrestri raccolti nell' Estremo Oriente
Morphometric observations on Dipylidium caninum from dogs and cats in Austria
Chelation effectiveness of zinc proteinates demonstrated
Alopecia--a psychosomatic disease picture? I. Review of the literature
Monitoring equity in health and healthcare: a conceptual framework
Hemodynamic evaluation of the Biocor heterologous prosthesis

The World Trade Organization and organic food trade potential for restricting protectionism?

The World Trade Organization and organic food trade potential for restricting protectionism?

Organic Agriculture 2(1): 55-66

ISSN/ISBN: 1879-4238

DOI: 10.1007/s13165-012-0024-9

This paper outlines the global food regulation regime and its institutions, focussing upon the way in which these address organic food trade. While the WTO agreements have rules for scientifically based policy measures adopted to protect human, animal or plant health or life, there is some disagreement on whether the WTO's Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade (addresses food labelling) covers production standards based on ethical values such as those defining organic food standards. Another problem is that two sets of international standards for organic food exist the Codex Alimentarius guidelines and the standards of the International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements. Finally, many certification bodies are private organisations certifying on the basis of government standards. This blurs the distinction between private and public and questions whether WTO rules apply to these private organisations. It is concluded that this current state of affairs entails that organic food standards can potentially be used by governments as technical barriers to trade to protect their domestic organic producers from international competition. In the concluding section, the potential for improving the global organic food trade regime is discussed.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 036517961

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

Related references

Food security and trade: reconciling discourses in the Food and Agriculture Organization and the World Trade Organization. Food Security 7(2): 383-391, 2015

Trade liberalization, the World Trade Organization, and food security. Agriculture, trade and the WTO: creating a trading environment for development: 225-246, 2003

Capturing zero-trade values in gravity equations of trade an analysis of protectionism in agro-food sectors. Agricultural Economics 44(2): 141-159, 2013

Brexit, Ireland and the World Trade Organization: possible policy options for a future UK-Australia agri-food trade agreement. Australian Journal of International Affairs 72(4): 371-383, 2018

Nutrition labelling is a trade policy issue: lessons from an analysis of specific trade concerns at the World Trade Organization. Health Promotion International 33(4): 561-571, 2018

The potential impact of the World Trade Organization's general agreement on trade in services on health system reform and regulation in the United States. International Journal of Health Services: Planning Administration Evaluation 39(2): 363-387, 2009

Trade challenges at the World Trade Organization to national noncommunicable disease prevention policies: A thematic document analysis of trade and health policy space. Plos Medicine 15(6): E1002590, 2018

Tripping over TRIPS? An assessment of the World Trade Organization agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights, focusing in particular on trade, moral and information issues. Business Information Review 20(3): 149-157, 2003

Healthy Public Policy and the World Trade Organization: A Proposal for an International Health Presence in Future World Trade/Investment Talks. Health Promotion International 13(3): 245-256, 1998

Green protectionism and organic food exporting from New Zealand: crisis experiments in the breakdown of fordist trade and agricultural policies. Rural sociology 64(2): 302-319, 1999

Policy Coherence or Conformance? The New World Bank International Monetary Fund World Trade Organization Rhetoric on Trade and Investment in Developing Countries. Review of Radical Political Economics 39(3): 335-341, 2007

How does the World Trade Organization know? The mobilization and staging of scientific expertise in the GMO trade dispute. Social Studies of Science 42(1): 75-100, 2012

China and Taiwan access to the World Trade Organization: implications for U.S. agriculture and trade. Agricultural Economics 17(2/3): 239-264, 1997

The World Trade Organization: free trade or unfettered exploitation of natural resources. Fisheries 24(11): 5, 1999

World Trade Organization (WTO) agricultural trade negotiations: status and perspectives. Cahiers Agricultures 14(4): 399-403, 2005