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Prevalence of risk of eating disorders in a female population of high school students, Manizales, Colombia, 2



Prevalence of risk of eating disorders in a female population of high school students, Manizales, Colombia, 2







Determinar la presencia del factor de riesgo (positivo o negativo) para trastornos de la conducta alimentaria (TCA) seg n el cuestionario EDI-2, y factores asociados en poblaci n de ni as escolarizadas de la ciudad de Manizales, Colombia. Materiales y m todos: estudio de corte transversal en el que se aplic la encuesta Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI-2) a estudiantes de tres colegios privados femeninos de la ciudad de Manizales. Criterios de inclusi n: pertenecer a octavo, noveno, d cimo y und cimo grado. Firma de consentimiento informado. Tama o muestral: 481 estudiantes; muestreo de los colegios y los estudiantes: probabil stico estratificado por instituci n y grado. Variables medidas: sociodemogr ficas, Apgar familiar y medidas antropom tricas; las subescalas contenidas en el EDI2 son: impulso a la delgadez, bulimia, insatisfacci n corporal, inefectividad, perfeccionismo, desconfianza interpersonal, conciencia interoceptiva, miedo a la madurez, ascetismo, regulaci n de impulsos e inseguridad social. El resultado se expresa como factor de riesgo positivo o negativo para trastornos de la conducta alimentaria. Es positivo si la subescala impulso a la delgadez tiene un valor mayor de 14. An lisis: medidas de tendencia central y dispersi n para variables continuas, proporciones para variables categ ricas. se encontr que el 24,7% de la poblaci n present factor de riesgo positivo seg n el cuestionario EDI-2 para desarrollar TCA, adem s se encontraron los siguientes factores asociados: consumo de alcohol (p = 0,002), antecedentes familiares de TCA (p = 0,000), percepci n de sobrepeso (p = 0,000), funcionalidad familiar (0,000), ndice de masa corporal (p = 0,032), y todas las medidas antropom tricas excepto talla. la prevalencia de factor de riesgo para trastornos de la conducta alimentaria detectada en este estudio muestra que dichos trastornos siguen siendo un grave problema en las adolescentes colombianas. Determining the presence of eating behavior disorders (EBD) as a high risk factor (positive or negative) according to the EDI-2 questionnaire and associated factors in three schoolgirl populations in the city of Manizales, Colombia. This was cross-sectional study in which students from three private all-girls schools in the city of Manizales filled in the eating disorder inventory (EDI-2) questionnaire. The inclusion criteria involved being in the 8th, 9th, 10thor 11th grades (i.e. aged around 14-19). Informed consent forms were signed. Sample size was 481 students; schools and students were probabilistically sampled and stratified by institution and grade. The variables measured were sociodemographic; family Apgar and anthropometric measurements were taken. The EDI-2 subscales used were: drive for thinness, bulimia, body dissatisfaction, ineffectiveness, perfectionism, interpersonal distrust, introspective awareness, fear of maturity, asceticism, regulation of impulsiveness and social insecurity. The result was expressed as a risk factor for positive or negative eating behavior disorders; this was positive if the drive for thinness subscale had a value greater than 14. Analysis involved measures of central tendency and dispersion for continuous variables and percentages for categorical variables. It was found that 24.7% of the study population had a positive risk factor for developing EBD according to the EDI-2 questionnaire. The following factors were found to be associated with an EBD: alcohol consumption (p=0.002), a family background of EBD (p=0.000), perception of being overweight (p=0.000), family functionality (p=0.000), body mass index (p=0.032) and practically all the anthropometric measurements, except size. The prevalence of risk factors for eating behavior disorders detected in this study showed that EBD continues to be a serious problem in female colombian adolescents.

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