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Rates of change in liver copper concentration in cattle given a copper-deficient diet, with or without pre-treatment with tetrathiomolybdate, for evaluation of two parenteral copper supplements

Rates of change in liver copper concentration in cattle given a copper-deficient diet, with or without pre-treatment with tetrathiomolybdate, for evaluation of two parenteral copper supplements

New Zealand Veterinary Journal 61(3): 154-158

ISSN/ISBN: 0048-0169

PMID: 23013209

DOI: 10.1080/00480169.2012.721161

To minimise the impact of initial variation in liver copper (Cu) on assessments of Cu supplements for cattle in depletion/repletion experiments. Efficacy of two Cu injections was assessed with 18 calves, weighing 200-250 kg, given a Cu-deficient barley diet, containing 4.1 mg Cu/kg dry matter (DM) and added molybdenum (3 mg/kg) and sulphur (3 g/kg). Initial liver biopsy Cu ranged from 3.15-14.17 mmol/kg DM and nine calves with the highest values were given three subcutaneous injections of 235 mg tetrathiomolybdate (TTM) after 42-46 days depletion to lower liver Cu. Untreated (L) and TTM-treated (H) calves were ranked separately for liver Cu after 50 days depletion and allocated to one of three treatments: 100 mg Cu given subcutaneously as CuCaEDTA in either a paraffin (CuP) or aqueous base (CuA) after 56 days depletion (Day 0) or no injection (O). Thereafter, plasma and liver biopsy Cu were measured every 2-4 weeks for 16 weeks. Responses in liver Cu to Cu injections were compared with and without loge transformation and by linear regression. Prior to Cu injection, the fractional decline in liver Cu concentration (FDLCu) after 50 days depletion was 0.64 (SE 0.066) and 0.80 (SE 0.090) in H and L calves, respectively (p=0.09) and mean liver Cu did not differ on Day -6 (6.65 (SE 0.516) and 4.91 (SE 0.681) mmol/kg DM, respectively). Mean plasma Cu was higher in H than L calves on Day 0 (16.6 (SE 0.52) and 13.3 (SE 0.49) μmol/L, respectively (p<0.001)). Rates of decline in loge liver Cu between Days 0-84 in treatments L and H were: 0.0138 and 0.0071 for Groups O; 0.0033 and 0.0016 for Groups CuP; 0.0073 and 0.0049 for Groups CuA (pooled SE 0.0014) mmol/kg DM/day, respectively. Between Days 84-114, FDLCu was uniformly high across experiments and groups (0.59 (SE 0.042)). Cu injections did not affect plasma Cu, which remained 3.1 (SE 0.41) umol/L higher in Experiment H than in L (p=0.017). The use of rates of change in liver copper concentrations improved the assessment of efficacy for two parental copper supplements and that of pre-treatment with tetrathiomolybdate, which, contrary to expectation, slowed Cu turnover by mechanisms that remain unclear.

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Accession: 036593589

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