+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Prepared or not prepared: top-down modulation on memory of features and feature bindings

Prepared or not prepared: top-down modulation on memory of features and feature bindings

Acta Psychologica 141(3): 327-335

Orienting attention to the to-be-tested representations can enhance representations and protect them from interference. Previous studies have found that this effect on feature and bound representations was comparable despite their difference in stability. This may have occurred because participants were tested in a block design, which is susceptible to participants' effective top-down control on the cued representations based on the predictability of the design. In this study, we investigated how the foreknowledge of when and what to expect would affect visual representations in a change-detection task. Cue onset time was either early or late; changes included either features or feature bindings. When predictability was maximized via a block design (Experiments 1, 5, and 6), early cues equally facilitated both representations while late cues did not affect either representation. When either cue onset time (Experiment 2) or change type (Experiment 3) was unpredictable, early cues consistently facilitated feature representations, while bound representations were enhanced only when cue onset time was predictable. Additionally, late cuing only cost bound representations. Finally, when both factors were no longer predictable via an intermixed design (Experiment 4), early-cuing benefit was eliminated, with a late cuing cost for the bound representations. These results highlight the critical role of effective top-down control in memory maintenance for visual representations.

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 036625262

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 23089041

DOI: 10.1016/j.actpsy.2012.09.010

Related references

Maintaining information in visual working memory: Memory for bindings and memory for features are equally disrupted by increased attentional demands. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology 68(3): 158-162, 2015

Central attention is used to maintain feature bindings in visual working memory. 2011

Retrieval from long-term memory reduces working memory representations for visual features and their bindings. Memory and Cognition 43(2): 237-246, 2016

Visual memory for feature bindings: the disruptive effect of responding to new perceptual input. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 66(8): 1572-1600, 2014

The role of attention in the maintenance of feature bindings in visual short-term memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance 34(1): 41-55, 2008

Feature bindings are maintained in visual short-term memory without sustained focused attention. Experimental Psychology 57(2): 108-116, 2010

Study of the stressing effect of labor in women prepared and not prepared by the psychoprophylactic method. Minerva Ginecologica 10(23): 928-930, 1958

Evaluation of quality of spermatozoa prepared by SpermPrep method as compared to those prepared by MiniPercoll. Andrologia. 30(2): 79-83, Ch- Il, 1998

Reduced-calorie food, partially prepared and prepared, and products publicized as slimming. Ernahrungs Umschau: 19 (2) 46-48, 1972

Prepared and Characteristics of ZnO:YAG/Silicon Nanostructure Diodes Prepared by Ultrasonic Spraying. International Journal of Photoenergy 2014: 1-6, 2014

Water activity and pH of different foods prepared or partially prepared in catering establishments. Alimentaria 35(281): 35-38, 1997

Microleakage of Class V composite restorations prepared conventionally with those prepared with an Er:YAG laser: a pilot study. Pediatric Dentistry 15(6): 425-426, 1993

Relative costs of anesthesiologist prepared, hospital pharmacy prepared and outsourced anesthesia drugs. Journal of Clinical Anesthesia 36: 178-183, 2017

Micromorphology analysis and bond strength of two adhesives to Er,Cr:YSGG laser-prepared vs. bur-prepared fluorosed enamel. Microscopy Research and Technique 77(10): 779-784, 2015

2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) as an indicator for hygienic assessment of raw, semi-prepared and prepared meat and fish products. Voprosy Pitaniia 27(3): 82-84, 1968