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Molecular analysis of kabuli and desi type of Indian chickpea Cicer arietinum L cultivars using STMS markers



Molecular analysis of kabuli and desi type of Indian chickpea Cicer arietinum L cultivars using STMS markers



Journal of Plant Biochemistry and Biotechnology 23(1): 52-60



Fifty one Sequence tagged microsatellite sites (STMS) primer pairs were employed to assess the genetic diversity and relationships with morphological characters among the sixty-eight chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) cultivars of India. A total of 32 out of 51 STMS primers were found polymorphic and a total of 121 alleles were generated out of which 102 (83 %) were detected for the 32 polymorphic STMS markers with an average of 2.22 alleles per locus. The PIC values of all the polymorphic loci ranged from 0.15 (TS82) to 0.69 (TS29) with the mean value of 0.27. Three primers showed PIC value of more than 0.60. The highest PIC value was observed for the primer TS29 (0.69), succeeded by the primer GA 11 (0.61) and TS71 (0.60). Gene diversity (He) was observed in the range of 0.16 (TS82) to 0.74 (TS29) with an average value of 0.33. The heterozygosity (Ho) was observed to be 0.39 (average) with a range of 0.04 (TA18) to 1.00 (TA76, STMS 5, TA72 and TA122). Based on the above STMS marker analysis by considering the parameters of PIC value (?0.55), gene diversity (?0.62), and polymorphic alleles (?4), six highly polymorphic STMS loci GA11, TA76S, TA89, TS29, TS43 and TS71 were observed which can effectively be used in further molecular studies. Dendrogram generated by the UPGMA analysis and POWER MARKER v3.0 showed similar results and there was no clear demarcation of Kabuli and Desi genotypes. The present study resulted in identification of highly distinct genotypes JG 130 and C 235 (57 %) followed by two pairs of genotypes B 108 and JG 11 (57.8 %) and, JG 315 and RSG 2 (59 %) which can be used effectively in a breeding programs in order to develop transgressive segregants with wider genetic base and better promising genotypes. Effective use of these three pairs of chickpea genotypes is expected to give better products for the development of higher yielding Kabuli and Desi genotypes with tolerance/resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses and quality traits.

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Accession: 036701273

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DOI: 10.1007/s13562-012-0187-1


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