+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Vancomycin resistant enterococci in farm animals - occurrence and importance

Vancomycin resistant enterococci in farm animals - occurrence and importance

Infection Ecology and Epidemiology 2(1): 16959

The view on enterococci has over the years shifted from harmless commensals to opportunistic but important pathogens mainly causing nosocomial infections. One important part of this development is the emergence of vancomycin resistance enterococci (VRE). The term VRE includes several combinations of bacterial species and resistance genes of which the most clinically important is Enterococcus faecium with vanA type vancomycin resistance. This variant is also the most common VRE among farm animals. The reason for VRE being present among farm animals is selection by extensive use of the vancomycin analog avoparcin for growth promotion. Once the use of avoparcin was discontinued, the prevalence of VRE among farm animals decreased. However, VRE are still present among farm animals and by spread via food products they could potentially have a negative impact on public health. This review is based on the PhD thesis Vancomycin Resistant Enterococci in Swedish Broilers - Emergence, Epidemiology and Eliminationand makes a short summary of VRE in humans and food producing animals. The specific situation regarding VRE in Swedish broiler production is also mentioned.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 036704417

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

DOI: 10.3402/iee.v2i0.16959

Related references

Vancomycin resistant enterococci in farm animals - occurrence and importance. Infection Ecology and Epidemiology 2:, 2012

Presence of vancomycin-resistant enterococci in farm and pet animals. Antimicrobial Agents and ChemoTherapy 40(10): 2285-2287, 1996

Detection and characterization of vancomycin-resistant enterococci in farm animals and raw meat products in Italy. Microbial Drug Resistance 6(4): 313-318, 2000

Epidemiology of vancomycin-resistant enterococci in the community and the relevance of farm animals to human infection. Journal Of Hospital Infection. 37(2): 89-101, 1997

Occurrence of vancomycin-resistant enterococci in humans and animals in the Czech Republic between 2002 and 2004. Journal of Medical Microbiology 54(Pt 10): 965-967, 2005

Occurrence and relatedness of vancomycin-resistant enterococci in animals, humans, and the environment in different European regions. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 71(9): 5383-5390, 2005

Possibility of vancomycin-resistant enterococci transmission from human to broilers, and possibility of using the vancomycin-resistant gram-positive cocci as a model in a screening study of vancomycin-resistant enterococci infection in the broiler chick. Animal Science Journal 77(5): 538-544, 2006

Antimicrobial susceptibility of vancomycin-susceptible and -resistant enterococci isolated in Italy from raw meat products, farm animals, and human infections. International Journal of Food Microbiology 97(1): 17-22, 2004

Antibiotic resistance patterns of enterococci and occurrence of vancomycin-resistant enterococci in raw minced beef and pork in Germany. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 64(5): 1825-1830, 1998

The effect of active surveillance for vancomycin-resistant enterococci in high-risk units on vancomycin-resistant enterococci incidence hospital-wide. American Journal of Infection Control 30(1): 40-43, 2002

Antibiotic activity against urinary tract infection (UTI) isolates of vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE): results from the 2002 North American Vancomycin Resistant Enterococci Susceptibility Study (NAVRESS). Journal of Antimicrobial ChemoTherapy 52(3): 382-388, 2003

The occurrence of vancomycin-resistant enterococci harboring vanA in pharmaceutical waste derived from vancomycin production. Abstracts of the Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 41: 127, 2001

Relative Importance of Oral versus Intravenous Vancomycin Exposure in the Development of Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci. Journal of Infectious Diseases 173(5): 1292-1293, 1996

Relative importance of oral versus intravenous vancomycin exposure in the development of vancomycin-resistant enterococci. Journal of Infectious Diseases 173(5): 1292-1294, 1996

Importance of the structure of vancomycin binding pocket in designing compounds active against vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE). Journal of Antibiotics 59(9): 543-552, 2006