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Mercury isotope variations between bioavailable mercury fractions and total mercury in mercury contaminated soil in Wanshan Mercury Mine, SW China



Mercury isotope variations between bioavailable mercury fractions and total mercury in mercury contaminated soil in Wanshan Mercury Mine, SW China



Chemical Geology 336: 80-86



In this study, a comparison of the mobility of soil mercury with two different extractable treatments (water-treated and (NH4)2S2O3-treated) was carried out in soil samples collected from Wanshan Mercury Mine (WSMM), Guizhou, SW China. Substantially higher levels of mobilized Hg were found in (NH4)2S2O3-extracted (1.22 to 2.41?gg?1) compared to the water-extracted soil samples (0.05 to 0.49?gg?1). To understand the geochemical behavior of Hg during Hg mobilization, and to identify the potential hazard of Hg in soil, Hg isotope compositions of total Hg, water-soluble Hg and (NH4)2S2O3-extractable Hg in WSMM soil were measured by using multiple collectors coupled plasma mass spectrometer (MC-ICP-MS). A large variation of mass-dependent fractionation (MDF) of Hg was observed (? 202Hg of ?0.29 1.59 ) between the extractable Hg species and the total Hg in soil. Mass independent fractionation (MIF) in ?199Hg ranged from ?0.07 to 0.07 , which were statistically insignificant. The experimental data (? 202Hg values) revealed that water-soluble (? 202Hg=0.70 0.13 , n=8) and (NH4)2S2O3-extractable (? 202Hg=1.28 0.25 , n=8) Hg species were enriched in heavier Hg isotopes by 0.72 and 1.30 relative to total Hg in soil samples, respectively. The results suggest that the bioavailable fraction of Hg in soil possesses heavier Hg isotope values than total Hg in soil. To understand mercury isotope fractionation in the biogeochemical cycling processes in soil, it is of importance to measure Hg isotope compositions of different Hg species. We investigated Hg isotope ratios of bioavailable fractions and THg in contaminated soil. Bioavailable Hg species were enriched in heavier Hg isotopes compared to total Hg in soil. Addition of (NH4)2S2O3 solution in soil increased the solubility of Hg in soil.

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Accession: 036706136

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DOI: 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2012.04.017


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