+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Running in a minimalist and lightweight shoe is not the same as running barefoot: a biomechanical study

Running in a minimalist and lightweight shoe is not the same as running barefoot: a biomechanical study

British Journal of Sports Medicine 47(6): 387-392

The purpose of this study was to determine the changes in running mechanics that occur when highly trained runners run barefoot and in a minimalist shoe, and specifically if running in a minimalist shoe replicates barefoot running. Ground reaction force data and kinematics were collected from 22 highly trained runners during overground running while barefoot and in three shod conditions (minimalist shoe, racing flat and the athlete's regular shoe). Three-dimensional net joint moments and subsequent net powers and work were computed using Newton-Euler inverse dynamics. Joint kinematic and kinetic variables were statistically compared between barefoot and shod conditions using a multivariate analysis of variance for repeated measures and standardised mean differences calculated. There were significant differences between barefoot and shod conditions for kinematic and kinetic variables at the knee and ankle, with no differences between shod conditions. Barefoot running demonstrated less knee flexion during midstance, an 11% decrease in the peak internal knee extension and abduction moments and a 24% decrease in negative work done at the knee compared with shod conditions. The ankle demonstrated less dorsiflexion at initial contact, a 14% increase in peak power generation and a 19% increase in the positive work done during barefoot running compared with shod conditions. Barefoot running was different to all shod conditions. Barefoot running changes the amount of work done at the knee and ankle joints and this may have therapeutic and performance implications for runners.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 036714987

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 23314887

DOI: 10.1136/bjsports-2012-091837

Related references

Rocker shoe, minimalist shoe, and standard running shoe: a comparison of running economy. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 17(3): 312-316, 2014

An Acute Bout of Barefoot Running Alters Lower-limb Muscle Activation for Minimalist Shoe Users. International Journal of Sports Medicine 37(5): 382-387, 2017

Effects of a minimalist shoe on running economy and 5-km running performance. Journal of Sports Sciences 34(18): 1740-1745, 2017

15Comparison of biomechanical characteristics on barefoot running and shod running. Journal of Investigative Medicine 65(7): A5.3-A5, 2017

Orthopaedic Perspective on Barefoot and Minimalist Running. Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 24(3): 180-187, 2016

The influence of barefoot and barefoot-inspired footwear on the kinetics and kinematics of running in comparison to conventional running shoes. Footwear Science 5(1): 45-53, 2013

Four-week habituation to simulated barefoot running improves running economy when compared with shod running. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports 24(3): 563-568, 2015

The effect of running barefoot and in barefoot-style footwear on running economy at two self-determined speeds. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2018, 2018

What do people think about running barefoot/with minimalist footwear? A thematic analysis. British Journal of Health Psychology 21(2): 451-468, 2017

Adherence To Six Months Of Instructed Minimalist And Barefoot Running Training. Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte 22(3): 182-185, 2016

Evidence based guidelines for safe transitioning to barefoot or minimalist running. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 19: E89-E90, 2015

The risks and benefits of running barefoot or in minimalist shoes: a systematic review. Sports Health 6(6): 475-480, 2014

The barefoot debate: can minimalist shoes reduce running-related injuries?. Current Sports Medicine Reports 11(3): 160-165, 2012

Comparison of minimalist footwear strategies for simulating barefoot running: a randomized crossover study. Plos One 10(5): E0125880, 2016

Comparison of Varying Heel to Toe Differences and Cushion to Barefoot Running in Novice Minimalist Runners. International Journal of Exercise Science 11(1): 13-19, 2018