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Are community forestry principles at work in Ontario’s County, Municipal, and Conservation Authority forests?


Are community forestry principles at work in Ontario’s County, Municipal, and Conservation Authority forests?







DOI: 10.5558/tfc2012-136

Ontario s County, Municipal and Conservation Authority forests have received little attention within the academic literature on community forestry in Canada. These Agreement Forests , as they were once called, are a product of the early 20th century and have been under local government management since the 1990s. Most are situated in Southern Ontario. In this article we investigate the extent to which community forestry principles are at work in these forests. Three principles participatory governance, local benefits and multiple forest use are analyzed using a composite score approach derived from survey data collected from nearly all of these forest organizations (response rate = 80%). indicate that most of these organizations do display attributes associated with community forestry principles, including a local governance process, public participation activities, local employment and multiple-use management. Traditional forestry employment is less strong than in similar studies of Crown land community forests; however, there is an important emphasis on non-timber activities. The article concludes that the County, Municipal and Conservation Authority forests represents a unique approach, which reflects the specific geographic and socio-economic context in which it resides.

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Accession: 036734598

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