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Repeated treatment of apple fruit with 1-methylcyclopropene 1-MCP prior to controlled atmosphere storage


Repeated treatment of apple fruit with 1-methylcyclopropene 1-MCP prior to controlled atmosphere storage



Postharvest Biology and Technology 79: 73-79



ISSN/ISBN: 0925-5214

DOI: 10.1016/j.postharvbio.2013.01.002

The effect of multiple 1-MCP treatments prior to the establishment of controlled atmosphere (CA) storage on the quality of McIntosh and Empire apples [Malus sylvestris (L.) Mill. var. domestica (Borkh.) Mansf.] was investigated. Fruit were harvested on three occasions over a 1 week period, and at each harvest cooled overnight and 1-MCP applied the following day. Fruit from the first or second harvests were treated again or for the first time when fruit from each successive harvest was treated. CA conditions were established after the last 1-MCP treatment and fruit were stored for up to 8 months. Delays in 1-MCP application generally resulted in progressively higher internal ethylene concentrations (IECs) at the time of treatment and lower firmness both at the time of treatment and after storage. Multiple 1-MCP applications kept IECs low and maintained firmness compared with single applications that were applied after 4d. For McIntosh , external CO2 injury was more prevalent after storage if fruit were treated without delays after harvest for earlier harvests while later harvests were less affected. For Empire , flesh browning was more prevalent in fruit from later harvests and 1-MCP treated fruit had higher levels than untreated fruit. Either early 1-MCP treatment or multiple treatments reduced senescent breakdown in McIntosh , and core browning and greasiness in Empire . 1-MCP was applied to two apple cultivars once or up to three times within 7d of harvest. Early (1 or 4d) and multiple treatments maintained best firmness in CA stored fruit. Early and multi 1-MCP reduced senescent breakdown and flesh browning. Early and multi 1-MCP reduced core browning and greasiness. Early and multi 1-MCP increased external CO2 injury and flesh browning.

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Accession: 036764904

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