+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

A Meta-Analytic Investigation of the Within-Person Self-Efficacy Domain Is Self-Efficacy a Product of Past Performance or a Driver of Future Performance?

A Meta-Analytic Investigation of the Within-Person Self-Efficacy Domain Is Self-Efficacy a Product of Past Performance or a Driver of Future Performance?

Personnel Psychology 66(3): 531-568

We conducted a meta-analysis to determine whether the within-person self-efficacy/performance relationship is positive, negative, or null and to compare the strength of the self-efficacy/performance and past performance/self-efficacy within-person relationships. The self-efficacy/performance within-person corrected correlation was .23 but was weak and nonsignificant (? = .06) when controlling for the linear trajectory, revealing that the main effect was spurious. The past performance/self-efficacy within-person corrected correlation was .40 and remained positive and significant (? = .30) when controlling for the linear trajectory. The moderator results revealed that at the within-person level of analysis: a) self-efficacy had at best a moderate, positive effect on performance and a null effect under other moderating conditions (? ranged from -.02 to .33); b) the main effect of past performance on self-efficacy was stronger than the effect of self-efficacy on performance, even in the moderating conditions that produced the strongest self-efficacy/performance relationship; c) the effect of past performance on self-efficacy ranged from moderate to strong across moderating conditions and was statistically significant across performance tasks, contextual factors, and methodological moderators (? ranged from .18 to .52). Overall, this suggests that self-efficacy is primarily a product of past performance rather than the driving force affecting future performance.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 036800320

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

DOI: 10.1111/peps.12035

Related references

Using Past Performance, Proxy Efficacy, and Academic Self-Efficacy to Predict College Performance. Journal of Applied Social Psychology 37(11): 2518-2531, 2007

Multilevel performance probability: a meta-analytic integration of expectancy and self-efficacy. Psychological Reports 88(3 Pt 2): 1077-1090, 2001

The relation of self-efficacy measures to sport performance: a meta-analytic review. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport 71(3): 280-294, 2000

Test of three conceptual models of influence of the big five personality traits and self-efficacy on academic performance: A meta-analytic path-analysis. Personality and Individual Differences 120: 238-245, 2018

The Roles of Self-Efficacy and Task Complexity in the Relationships Among Cognitive Ability, Conscientiousness, and Work-Related Performance: A Meta-Analytic Examination. Human Performance 14(3): 209-230, 2001

The predictive validity of self-efficacy in training performance: little more than past performance. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Applied 11(2): 84-97, 2005

Stability and change in person-team and person-role fit over time: the effects of growth satisfaction, performance, and general self-efficacy. Journal of Applied Psychology 92(5): 1242-1253, 2007

Relation of self-efficacy beliefs to academic outcomes: A meta-analytic investigation. Journal of Counseling Psychology 38(1): 30-38, 1991

New Insight in Improving Therapeutic Efficacy of Antipsychotic Agents: An Overview of Improved In Vitro and In Vivo Performance, Efficacy Upgradation and Future Prospects. Current Drug Targets 19(8): 865-876, 2018

The efficacy of quetiapine vs. haloperidol and placebo: A meta-analytic study of efficacy. Schizophrenia Research 62(1-2): 1-12, 1 July, 2003

Personality and adaptive performance at work: a meta-analytic investigation. Journal of Applied Psychology 99(1): 162-179, 2014

Fit Happens Globally A Meta-Analytic Comparison of the Relationships of Person-Environment Fit Dimensions with Work Attitudes and Performance across East Asia, Europe, and North America. Personnel Psychology 67(1): 99-152, 2013

Revisiting the Within-Person Self-Efficacy and Performance Relation. Human Performance 19(1): 67-87, 2006

A longitudinal multilevel model analysis of the within-person and between-person effect of effortful engagement and academic self-efficacy on academic performance. Journal of School Psychology 52(3): 295-308, 2014

On the role of positive and negative affectivity in job performance: a meta-analytic investigation. Journal of Applied Psychology 94(1): 162-176, 2009