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Opposing determinants of compliance and interrogative suggestibility

Opposing determinants of compliance and interrogative suggestibility

Personality and Individual Differences 54(8): 918-924

The Gudjonsson Suggestibility Scales (GSS 1 2) can illuminate social and cognitive factors which affect forensic interviewees vulnerability to pressure from interrogators. Variations of the GSS procedure can highlight detail in the dynamics of interrogative suggestibility (IS). Induced malingering is one such variation. The present study used this method in an attempt to reconcile conflicting findings of two previous malingering studies. An innovation was to pre-test participants on the standard GSS 2 to identify them as showing Low, Medium, or High IS. These groups then undertook the parallel GSS 1 but with the instruction to role-play a suspect who is attempting to appear abnormally suggestible. showed marked differences in the direction in which faking scores changed, from those at pre-testing, between the Low and the High groups, with the High group showing a decrease in GSS scores and the Low group an increase: the Medium group scores followed the trend of the Low group scores. It is suggested that these results explain why previous results using induced malingering have been inconsistent. The results are also discussed in terms of how differing expectancies and levels of interpersonal trust may affect interviewees. Investigated malingering on the Gudjonsson Suggestibility Scales. Attempt to reconcile conflicting findings of previous malingering studies. Innovation was to pre-test participants on the standard GSS 2. Three test groups Low, Medium, High interrogative suggestibility. Marked between-group differences in the direction of score change on faking task.

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Accession: 036809402

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DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2013.01.004

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