Therapeutic effects of NK-HDAC-1, a novel histone deacetylase inhibitor, on collagen-induced arthritis through the induction of apoptosis of fibroblast-like synoviocytes

Li, M.; Liu, X.; Sun, X.; Wang, Z.; Guo, W.; Hu, F.; Yao, H.; Cao, X.; Jin, J.; Wang, P.G.; Shen, J.; Li, Z.

Inflammation 36(4): 888-896

2013


ISSN/ISBN: 1573-2576
PMID: 23549599
DOI: 10.1007/s10753-013-9616-0
Accession: 036834910

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Abstract
The purpose of this study is to investigate the therapeutic effects of a novel histone deacetylase inhibitor (HDACi), NK-HDAC-1, on collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) and pathogenic fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLSs) from patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The proliferation and apoptosis of FLSs treated with NK-HDAC-1 were evaluated by flow cytometry and fluorescence staining. The effect of NK-HDAC-1 treatment on pro-inflammatory cytokine production was determined by ELISA. CIA was established in DBA/1 mice, and NK-HDAC-1 or vehicle was administered daily after the onset of arthritis. Clinical and histological scores were calculated to assess the therapeutic efficacy of NK-HDAC-1. NK-HDAC-1 significantly inhibited the proliferation of FLSs through cell cycle arrest at the G2/M checkpoint and enhanced apoptosis of FLSs. The activity of caspases was increased during NK-HDAC-1 treatment. IL-6 production by FLSs was also suppressed by NK-HDAC-1. Furthermore, the oral administration of NK-HDAC-1 significantly enhanced synoviocyte apoptosis in vivo and inhibited CIA progression. Compared with subcroylanilide hydroxamic acid which exhibited moderate prophylactic efficacy, NK-HDAC-1 demonstrated therapeutic efficacy in CIA. NK-HDAC-1 is a novel HDACi that may ameliorate inflammatory arthritis by regulating the activation, apoptosis, and inflammatory responses of FLSs. This is the first study to support that NK-HDAC-1 may be a potential therapeutic agent for RA.

Therapeutic effects of NK-HDAC-1, a novel histone deacetylase inhibitor, on collagen-induced arthritis through the induction of apoptosis of fibroblast-like synoviocytes