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Does the trematode Centrocestus formosanus affect the locomotory activity of the mollusc Melanoides tuberculatus?

Does the trematode Centrocestus formosanus affect the locomotory activity of the mollusc Melanoides tuberculatus?

Parasites and Vectors 6: 92

Melanoides tuberculatus (Müller, 1774) (Thiaridae), an introduced gastropod mollusc with a wide geographical distribution in the Neotropics, is the intermediate host of the trematode Centrocestus formosanus (Nishigori, 1924) (Heterophyidae). This parasite is considered to be pathogenic to humans. The aim of the present work was to evaluate the locomotory activity of uninfected M. tuberculatus compared with those naturally infected with C. formosanus. The locomotory activity of each mollusc was recorded using an image analysis biomonitoring system, Videomex-V, to evaluate and quantify the parameters of 'Stereotypic' and 'Resting time'. The Generalized Estimating Equation analysis of locomotory activity of M. tuberculatus infected with C. formosanus revealed significant differences compared with uninfected molluscs for the parameters 'Stereotypic time' and 'Resting time' with a reduction of movement. The variations in the values of the monitoring intervals recorded showed a significant difference for the infected molluscs in the case of Stereotypic time, with an irregular locomotory activity pattern, as compared to that of uninfected molluscs. The analysis of the standard length of all molluscs did not exhibit any correlation with locomotory activity, showing that C. formosanus is able to alter the locomotory activity of its snail host regardless of the standard length. The trematode C. formosanus affects the locomotory activity of the mollusc M. tuberculatus by reducing its movement and causing it to exhibit an irregular pattern of activity, both of which are independent of the snail's standard length.

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Accession: 036844417

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PMID: 23574763

DOI: 10.1186/1756-3305-6-92

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