+ Site Statistics
References:
54,258,434
Abstracts:
29,560,870
PMIDs:
28,072,757
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Children's callous-unemotional traits moderate links between their positive relationships with parents at preschool age and externalizing behavior problems at early school age



Children's callous-unemotional traits moderate links between their positive relationships with parents at preschool age and externalizing behavior problems at early school age



Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines 54(11): 1251-1260



Growing research on children's traits as moderators of links between parenting and developmental outcomes has shown that variations in positivity, warmth, or responsiveness in parent-child relationships are particularly consequential for temperamentally difficult or biologically vulnerable children. But very few studies have addressed the moderating role of children's callous-unemotional (CU) traits, a known serious risk factor for antisocial cascades. We examined children's CU traits as moderators of links between parent-child Mutually Responsive Orientation (MRO) and shared positive affect and future externalizing behavior problems. Participants included 100 two-parent community families of normally developing children, followed longitudinally. MRO and shared positive affect in mother-child and father-child dyads were observed in lengthy, diverse naturalistic contexts when children were 38 and 52 months. Both parents rated children's CU traits at 67 months and their externalizing behavior problems (Oppositional Defiant Disorder and Conduct Disorder) at 67, 80, and 100 months. Children's CU traits moderated links between early positive parent-child relationships and children's future externalizing behavior problems, even after controlling for strong continuity of those problems. For children with elevated CU traits, higher mother-child MRO and father-child shared positive affect predicted a decrease in mother-reported future behavior problems. There were no significant associations for children with relatively lower CU scores. Positive qualities for early relationships, potentially different for mother-child and father-child dyads, can serve as potent factors that decrease probability of antisocial developmental cascades for children who are at risk due to elevated CU traits.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 036877048

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 23639120

DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12084


Related references

Positive Parenting and Callous-Unemotional Traits: Their Association With School Behavior Problems in Young Children. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology 53 2016: 1-13, 2016

Assessing Callous-Unemotional Traits in Preschool Children With Disruptive Behavior Problems Using Peer Reports. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology 53 45(2): 201-214, 2016

Callous/unemotional traits moderate the relation between ineffective parenting and child externalizing problems: a partial replication and extension. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology 53 32(4): 577-585, 2004

Response to Time-Out Among Preschoolers with Externalizing Behavior Problems: The Role of Callous-Unemotional Traits. Child Psychiatry and Human Development 49(5): 699-708, 2018

Callous-Unemotional Traits and Autonomic Functioning in Toddlerhood Interact to Predict Externalizing Behaviors in Preschool. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 46(7): 1439-1450, 2017

Evaluation of Improvement in Externalizing Behaviors and Callous-Unemotional Traits in Children with Disruptive Behavior Disorder: A 1-Year Follow Up Clinic-Based Study. Administration and Policy in Mental Health 44(4): 452-462, 2015

Early Callous-Unemotional Behavior, Theory-of-Mind, and a Fearful/Inhibited Temperament Predict Externalizing Problems in Middle and Late Childhood. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 44(6): 1205-1215, 2017

Assessing Callous Unemotional Traits in Children Aged 7- to 12-Years A Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Inventory of Callous Unemotional Traits. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 35(2): 215-222, 2013

The Association between Callous-Unemotional Traits and Behavioral and Academic Adjustment in Children: Further Validation of the Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 36(2): 189-200, 2014

Does early childhood callous-unemotional behavior uniquely predict behavior problems or callous-unemotional behavior in late childhood?. Developmental Psychology 52(11): 1805-1819, 2016

Attachment and callous-unemotional traits in children with early-onset conduct problems. Yearbook of Psychiatry and Applied Mental Health 2013: 88-89, 2013

Attachment and callous-unemotional traits in children with early-onset conduct problems. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines 53(8): 838-845, 2012

Callous-unemotional traits moderate the association between children's early moral understanding and aggression: A short-term longitudinal study. Developmental Psychology 54(5): 903-915, 2018

The Association Between Callous-Unemotional Traits, Externalizing Problems, and Gender in Predicting Cognitive and Affective Morality Judgments in Adolescence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence 45(9): 1917-1930, 2018

Parenting Behavior and Conduct Problems in Children with and Without Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): Moderation by Callous-Unemotional Traits. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 34(2): 172-181, 2012