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Predictors of phase III slope of nitrogen single-breath washout in COPD



Predictors of phase III slope of nitrogen single-breath washout in COPD



Respiratory Physiology and Neurobiology 189(1): 42-46



The nitrogen (N₂) single-breath washout (SBW) test is a measure of ventilation distribution inhomogeneity and also a small airway function that offers complementary information to spirometry; however, the relevance to the forced oscillation technique (FOT) and pulmonary emphysema in COPD is not fully understood. We hypothesized that pulmonary functions, forced oscillatory parameters, and emphysema extent would contribute independently to the results of the SBW test. In this cross-sectional study we assessed the relationship between the phase III slope (delta N₂) derived from N₂ SBW and these parameters. Spirometry, lung volumes, N₂ SBW, and the broadband frequency FOT were performed in 56 patients with COPD. Emphysema extent was measured by high-resolution computed tomography and scored. In multiple regression analyses, the delta N₂ was independently predicted by forced vital capacity, resonant frequency, and emphysema score (R(2)=0.57, p<0.0001). The degree of ventilation inhomogeneity derived from N₂ SBW is independently predicted by spirometry, lung mechanics, and the degree of emphysema.

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Accession: 036955369

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PMID: 23816601

DOI: 10.1016/j.resp.2013.06.018


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