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Quorum sensing modulates transcription of cpsQ-mfpABC and mfpABC in Vibrio parahaemolyticus

Quorum sensing modulates transcription of cpsQ-mfpABC and mfpABC in Vibrio parahaemolyticus

International Journal of Food Microbiology 166(3): 458-463

Vibrio parahaemolyticus AphA and OpaR are the two master regulators of quorum sensing (QS) that are abundantly produced and operate at low cell density (LCD) and high cell density (HCD), respectively, with an outcome of reciprocally gradient production of these two proteins with transition between LCD and HCD. The cpsQ-mfpABC gene cluster is transcribed as two operons cpsQ-mfpABC and mfpABC in V. parahaemolyticus. MfpABC is a putative membrane fusion transporter that contributes to biofilm development. CpsQ is a c-di-GMP-binding regulator that activates the expression of capsular polysaccharide genes and mfpABC and, thus, induces biofilm development. As shown in this study, OpaR and AphA bind to the promoter region of mfpABC to enhance and repress its transcription, respectively. In contrast, the positive and negative regulation of cpsQ-mfpABC by AphA and OpaR, respectively, achieves probably through acting of AphA or OpaR on additional unknown regulator(s) of cpsQ-mfpABC. The transcriptional levels of cpsQ-mfpABC and mfpABC enhance gradually with transition from LCD to HCD due to the above reciprocal regulatory action of OpaR and AphA. Data presented here present a novel paradigm of combined action of the two master QS regulators in controlling expression of the QS regulon members.

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Accession: 036980842

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PMID: 24036587

DOI: 10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2013.07.008

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