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Colloid-Richa follicular neoplasm/suspicious for follicular neoplasm thyroid fine-needle aspiration specimens Cytologic, histologic, and molecular basis for considering an alternate view

Colloid-Richa follicular neoplasm/suspicious for follicular neoplasm thyroid fine-needle aspiration specimens Cytologic, histologic, and molecular basis for considering an alternate view

Typically, thyroid follicular neoplasm/suspicious for follicular neoplasm (FN/SFN) cases show moderate to marked cellularity and scant or absent colloid. Recently, cases have been noted with microfollicular cellularity in the background of moderate to abundant amount of colloid. The purpose of this study was to compare these a ocolloid-richa FN/SFN cases to the typical FN/SFN cases.Thyroid cytology specimens with the features of FN/SFN were searched in cytopathology files from September 2008 to June 2012. Cases with absent or minimal colloid were designated a otypical colloid-poora FN/SFN and cases with moderate to abundant colloid were designated a ocolloid-richa FN/SFN. From these cases, those with surgical pathology resection follow-up were identified. Cytologic, surgical pathology resection, and molecular features (BRAF, RAS, RET/PTC, and PAX8-PPAR ) were investigated for the typical colloid-poor FN/SFN cases and were compared with those of the colloid-rich FN/SFN cases. Of 431 FN/SFN cases with surgical pathology resection follow-up, 360 (83.5%) cases showed features of typical colloid-poor FN/SFN and 71 (16.5%) cases showed features of colloid-rich FN/SFN. Papillary carcinoma was the most common malignant outcome for the 2 groups. Although the proportion of malignant outcome was similar for the 2 groups, the a ocolloid-richa FN/SFN cases showed a greater proportion of nodular hyperplasia among the cases with benign outcome. In addition, the a ocolloid-richa FN/SFN cases demonstrated a greater proportion of cases with a mutation. Approximately one-sixth of cases of FN/SFN show a ocolloid-richa features. Comparison to the typical colloid-poor FN/SFN demonstrated similar risk for malignancy but contrasting resection outcome and molecular characteristics. Cancer (Cancer Cytopathol) 2013.

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Accession: 037019058

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DOI: 10.1002/cncy.21333

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