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Cosmic-ray exposure histories of Martian meteorites studied from neutron capture reactions of Sm and Gd isotopes



Cosmic-ray exposure histories of Martian meteorites studied from neutron capture reactions of Sm and Gd isotopes



Earth and Planetary Science Letters 288.3-4



The isotopic compositions of Sm and Gd in twelve Martian meteorites, ALH 77005, ALH 84001, DaG 735, Dhofar 019, EET 79001, Lafayette, Los Angeles, Nakhla, SaU 005, Y 000593, Y 000749 and Zagami, were determined to quantify the neutron capture records of individual meteorite specimens. Seven of these twelve samples, ALH 84001, Y 000749, DaG 735, Dhofar 019, EET 79001, SaU 005 and Zagami, showed significant isotopic shifts of(150) Sm/(149) Sm and/or(158) Gd/(157) Gd corresponding to neutron fluences of (0.7-3.4) x 1015 n cm(-2) . Among these seven meteorites, the neutron fluences of ALH 84001, Y 000749, and Dhofar 019 apparently correlated with their cosmic-ray exposure ages, indicating that most of the irradiation took place while the meteoroids were small bodies in space after the ejection from Mars. However, our results suggest an accumulation of their inherited irradiation occurred on Mars. On the other hand, the exposure histories of the other four meteorites (basaltic shergottites), DaG 735, EET 79001, SaU 005, and Zagami, cannot be explained as single- or multistage irradiations in space, or as a single irradiation on the Martian surface. The mixing between basaltic lava with a significantly irradiated Martian regolith is a reasonable interpretation of the excess neutron capture records observed in these four basaltic shergottites.

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Accession: 037025283

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DOI: 10.1016/j.epsl.2009.10.019


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