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Incorporating groundwater quality in the water-supply and sanitation sector development program for Bangladesh



Incorporating groundwater quality in the water-supply and sanitation sector development program for Bangladesh



IAHS-AISH Publication 342: 17-20



In 2005, the government of Bangladesh adopted a Sector Development Program (SDP) to provide water supply and sanitation for all. In Bangladesh water supplies are drawn mainly from shallow and deep alluvial aquifers. A shift to groundwater in the 1970s was orchestrated to reduce the burden of diarrheal disease from polluted surface water. Historically, groundwater quality has been neglected, but subsequent surveys have found exceptional levels of As pollution, as well as contamination by Mn, Fe, B, Ba, Cl and U. There are also growing risks from agricultural and industrial chemicals, and waste disposal. Shallow aquifers are at high risk from arsenic and anthropogenic contaminants. The deep aquifer is currently safe in this respect, but its sustainable yield is uncertain. Implementing sector policies for quality and quantity requires major investment in resource investigation and development, water treatment, and institution building.

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Accession: 037080383

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