Section 38
Chapter 37,196

Uplifted crust in parts of western India

Tewari, H.C.; Prakasa Rao, G.S.; Prasad, B.R.

Journal of the Geological Society of India 73.4


ISSN/ISBN: 0016-7622
DOI: 10.1007/s12594-009-0033-9
Accession: 037195850

Download citation:  

During northward movement of the Indian sub-continent, after its breakup from the Gondwanaland in the Late Cretaceous, the western part of India traversed over the Reunion plume. The Saurashtra peninsula and the Cambay Basin are two important geological regions in this part. Two and half dimensional density models, based on the crustal seismic structure, were generated to establish a relationship between these two regions. These models indicate that the crust is 32-33 km thick in the eastern Saurashtra and the northern part of the Cambay Basin. The shallower crust is in a triangular region formed by the extension of the western limb of the Proterozoic Aravalli trend in Saurashtra, its eastern limb and the Narmada fault in the south. Compared to 36-37 km thick crust to the west and 38-40 km to the east of this region the crust in the above triangular region is uplifted by 4 to 6 km. This uplift took place either after the deposition of Mesozoic sediments or was concomitant with the rise of Reunion plume prior to the extrusion of the Deccan volcanics as the region was close to the axis of the plume.

PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90