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Yield of spring wheat in relation to level of infestation by greenbugs Homoptera Aphididae



Yield of spring wheat in relation to level of infestation by greenbugs Homoptera Aphididae



Canadian Entomologist 126.1 (January-February): 61-66



The effect of greenbug, Schizaphis graminum (Rondani), infestations on yield components of early- and late-planted spring wheat, Triticum aestivum L., were measured in 2 successive years in eastern South Dakota. Greenbug populations in plots generally increased rapidly and peaked when wheat plants were in boot stage. Populations then began a steady decrease until anthesis, at which time they were near zero. The number of seeds per spikelet and the number of spikelets per square metre were consistently significantly negatively correlated with aphid-days, whereas average seed weight was significantly negatively correlated with aphid-days for only one planting. A linear regression model that included different intercepts for each spring wheat planting and a common slope relating yield to greenbug feeding days (aphid-days) provided a good fit to the data. Based on the model, a loss of 41 kg of grain per hectare is expected for each 100 aphid-days that accumulate per tiller.

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Accession: 037380712

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

DOI: 10.4039/Ent12661-1



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