EurekaMag
+ Translate
+ Most Popular
Cunninghamia lanceolata plantations in China
Mammalian lairs in paleo ecological studies and palynology
Studies on technological possibilities in utilization of anhydrous milk fat for production of recombined butter-like products
Should right-sided fibroelastomas be operated upon?
Large esophageal lipoma
Apoptosis in the mammalian thymus during normal histogenesis and under various in vitro and in vivo experimental conditions
Poissons characoides nouveaux ou non signales de l'Ilha do Bananal, Bresil
Desensitizing efficacy of Colgate Sensitive Maximum Strength and Fresh Mint Sensodyne dentifrices
Administration of fluid by subcutaneous infusion: revival of a forgotten method
Tundra mosquito control - an impossible dream?
Schizophrenia for primary care providers: how to contribute to the care of a vulnerable patient population
Geochemical pattern analysis; method of describing the Southeastern limestone regional aquifer system
Incidence of low birth weights in a hospital of Mexico City
Tabanidae
Graded management intensity of grassland systems for enhancing floristic diversity
Microbiology and biochemistry of cheese and fermented milk
The ember tetra: a new pygmy characid tetra from the Rio das Mortes, Brazil, Hyphessobrycon amandae sp. n. (Pisces, Characoidei)
Risk factors of contrast-induced nephropathy in patients after coronary artery intervention
Renovation of onsite domestic wastewater in a poorly drained soil
Observations of the propagation velocity and formation mechanism of burst fractures caused by gunshot
Systolic blood pressure in a population of infants in the first year of life: the Brompton study
Haematological studies in rats fed with metanil yellow
Studies on pasteurellosis. I. A new species of Pasteurella encountered in chronic fowl cholera
Dormancy breaking and germination of Acacia salicina Lindl. seeds
therapy of lupus nephritis. a two-year prospective study

An overview of the South African tangle-veined flies Diptera Nemestrinidae, with an annotated key to the genera and a checklist of species


An overview of the South African tangle-veined flies Diptera Nemestrinidae, with an annotated key to the genera and a checklist of species



Zootaxa 1277: 39-63



ISSN/ISBN: 1175-5326

The South African Nemestrinidae are reviewed. Regional family characteristics, biology and the importance of long-proboscid species in pollination biology are discussed. Long-proboscid species (proboscis 15 mm or longer) are important pollinators in most provinces, but particularly in the Western Cape; all have specialised pollination interactions with long-tubed flower species. Five pollination guilds centered on long-proboscid species are briefly discussed. A detailed, annotated key to the six genera is presented; in it particular attention is given to the problematic distinction between Prosoeca Schiner and Stenobasipteron Lichtwardt. A checklist of all described species considered to have a South African provenance is provided. A total of 43 described species is recorded in the following genera: Moegistorhynchus Macquart (4 species); Prosoeca (35 species); Stenobasipteron (1 species); Atriadops Wandolleck (1 species); Nycterimyia Lichtwardt (1 species); Trichopsidea Westwood (1 species). Moegistorhynchus is restricted to the west coast (Western Cape, Northern Cape). Three of its species have a remarkably elongate proboscis, the best known and most widespread being M. longirostris (Wiedemann, 1819). Its proboscis reaches 90 to 100 mm in length in some specimens, this being the longest proboscis of all known Diptera. Two new species have been identified in the fauna. Prosoeca dominates the fauna, and is the only genus likely to be represented in all nine provinces. It appears to occur in all habitats except closed-canopy forest. Prosoeca major Bezzi, 1924 is newly synonymised with P. robusta Bezzi, 1924. The likely South African provenance of P. nigripes (Macquart, 1840) is confirmed. Nemestrina obscura Westwood, 1835, previously referred to Prosoeca, is considered not to be an Afrotropical species. Prosoeca rhodesiensis Bequaert, 1925a, is recorded from South Africa for the first time. Although Stenobasipteron is restricted to only one named South African species, namely S. wiedemanni Lichtwardt, 1910 from the Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal, several undescribed species occur in Mpumalanga and Limpopo. Stenobasipteron wiedemanni occurs in closed-canopy forest, but species from Mpumalanga may occur in other habitats such as grassland and savanna. There are at least two species of Atriadops, one almost certainly being A. vespertilio (Loew, 1858). The genus is recorded from the Western Cape, Eastern Cape, KwaZulu- Natal, Gauteng and Mpumalanga. A taxonomic revision is recommended. Nycterimyia is represented by one species only, namely N. capensis Bezzi, 1924 from KwaZulu- Natal and Limpopo. Trichopsidea is represented by one species, T. costata (Loew, 1858), recorded from North West, Gauteng and Limpopo.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 037392315

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

Related references

A review of tangle-veined flies (Nemestrinidae, Diptera) in Egypt. Zookeys 1071: 11-42, 2021

Diversity, distribution and floral specificity of tangle-veined flies (Diptera: Nemestrinidae) in north west Patagonia, Argentina. Revista Chilena de Historia Natural 79(1): 29-40, 2006

Pollination syndrome accurately predicts pollination by tangle-veined flies (Nemestrinidae: Prosoeca s.s.) across multiple plant families. Plant Biology 2022, 2022

The horse flies and deer flies of South Dakota. New state records and an annotated checklist (Diptera: Tabanidae). Entomological News 94(5): 196-200, 1983

The horse flies and deer flies of south dakota usa new state records and an annotated checklist diptera tabanidae. Entomological News 94(5): 196-200, 1983

An annotated checklist of the blow flies (Diptera: Calliphoridae) of South Carolina, U.S.A. Entomological News 116(5): 305-308, 2005

An Annotated Checklist of the Horse Flies, Deer Flies, and Yellow Flies (Diptera: Tabanidae) of Florida. Florida Entomologist 98(2): 479-488, 2015

The horse flies and deer flies of Kentucky: new state records and a revised annotated checklist (Diptera: Tabanidae). Entomological News 89(7-8): 197-200, 1978

The horse flies and deer flies of kentucky usa new state records and a revised annotated checklist diptera tabanidae. Entomological News 89(7-8): 197-200, 1978

Checklist of American sand flies (Diptera, Psychodidae, Phlebotominae): genera, species, and their distribution. ZooKeys 2017(660): 67-106, 2017

Annotated checklist of African Nephus-species south of the Sahara Col Coccinellidae. Coccinella, 41-2: 35-60, 1992

Nemestrinid flies (Diptera, Nemestrinidae) revision described by B. B. Rohdendorf, and Nemestrinidae new taxa from Upper Jurassic in Kazakhstan. Paleontologicheskiy Zhurnal 1998(4): 47-53, 1998

A revision of the nemestrinid flies Diptera, Nemestrinidae described by Rohdendorf, and a description of new taxa of the Nemestrinidae from the Upper Jurassic of Kazakhstan. Paleontological Journal 32(4): 369-375, 1998

A revision of the nemestrinid flies Diptera, Nemestrinidae described by Rohdendorf, and a deascription description of new taxa of the Nemestrinidae from the Upper Jurassic of Kazakhstan. Paleontologicheskii Zhurnal 4 (Iyul'-Avgust'): 47-53, 1998

Annotated checklist of the bat flies (Diptera: Nycteribiidae) of Romania. Zootaxa 5120(1): 111-127, 2022