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Late Holocene climate variability from Lake Pupuke maar, Auckland, New Zealand



Late Holocene climate variability from Lake Pupuke maar, Auckland, New Zealand



Quaternary Science Reviews 77: 46-54



Spectral analyses of quasi-annual organo-diatomaceous laminae couplets in an Auckland maar lake indicate brief (sub-decadal scale) episodes with strong spectral power and long periods of weak to no spectral power between c. 1700 to c. 550A cal. yr BP. Laminae couplet thickness appears to be a function of changes in wind flow over the basin, with enhanced wind flow deepening the mixing zone and providing additional nutrients for laminae formation. Aeolian dust from Australia amplifies the wind signal. Spectral signals in the high power episodes are focused in <4 years and 6a 8 years windows. These are consistent with El Ni oa Southern Oscillation (ENSO) periodicity. This climate system is known to play a major role in the modern Auckland climate whereby strongly negative (positive) ENSO are associated with enhanced (diminished) SW airflow over Auckland. ENSO events interact in the modern climate and the spectral results indicate that this is the case when spectral power is strong in the laminae. These results highlight strong but intermittent ENSO activity between 600 and 1400A cal. yr BP.

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Accession: 037437759

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DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2013.07.003


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