EurekaMag
+ Translate
+ Most Popular
Gaucher's disease;thirty-two years experience at Siriraj Hospital
A study of Macrobathra Meyrick from China (Lepidoptera, Cosmopterigidae)
First occurrence in ores of tetragonal chalcocite
Effects of trace element nutrition on sleep patterns in adult women
N.Z. range management guidelines. 2. Design of grazing management systems for tussock country
A case of lipoma of the esophagus
A revision of world Acanthosomatidae (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae): keys to and descriptions of subfamilies, tribes and genera, with designation of types
Life history of the coronate scyphozoan Linuche unguiculata (Swartz, 1788)
Perceptual restoration of obliterated sounds
Mutagenicity studies on two chromium(III) coordination compounds
The formation of the skeleton. I. Growth of a long bone. 1st appearance of a center of calcification
Leucopenia and abnormal liver function in travellers on malaria chemoprophylaxis
The joint commission: four key root causes loom large in sentinel event data
Treatment of vitiligo with topical 15% lactic acid solution in combination with ultra violet-A
Behaviour of dairy cows within three hours after feed supply: I. Influence of housing type and time elapsing after feed supply
Observations of the propagation velocity and formation mechanism of burst fractures caused by gunshot
Management and control of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Lebanon: results from the International Diabetes Management Practices Study (IDMPS)
The diet composition and nutritional knowledge of patients with anorexia nervosa
Physoporella croatica Herak, 1958 of the Slovak karst Anisian (Slovakia, the West Carpathians Mts.)
Bright lights, big noise. How effective are vehicle warning systems?
Ein Plesiosaurier-Rest mit Magensteinen aus mittlerem Lias von Quedlinburg
Incidence of Chlamydia trachomatis in patients with sterility
Monster soup: the microscope and Victorian fantasy
Preliminary tests with residual sprays against poultry lice
Duration of the life of plants in phylogeny

Marine Caves of the Mediterranean Sea A Sponge Biodiversity Reservoir within a Biodiversity Hotspot


Marine Caves of the Mediterranean Sea A Sponge Biodiversity Reservoir within a Biodiversity Hotspot



PLoS ONE 7(7): e39873, 1-17



ISSN/ISBN: 1932-6203

Marine caves are widely acknowledged for their unique biodiversity and constitute a typical feature of the Mediterranean coastline. Herein an attempt was made to evaluate the ecological significance of this particular ecosystem in the Mediterranean Sea, which is considered a biodiversity hotspot. This was accomplished by using Porifera, which dominate the rocky sublittoral substrata, as a reference group in a meta-analytical approach, combining primary research data from the Aegean Sea (eastern Mediterranean) with data derived from the literature. In total 311 species from all poriferan classes were recorded, representing 45.7% of the Mediterranean Porifera. Demospongiae and Homoscleromorpha are highly represented in marine caves at the family (88%), generic (70%), and species level (47.5%), the latter being the most favored group along with Dictyoceratida and Lithistida. Several rare and cave-exclusive species were reported from only one or few caves, indicating the fragmentation and peculiarity of this unique ecosystem. Species richness and phylogenetic diversity varied among Mediterranean areas; the former was positively correlated with research effort, being higher in the northern Mediterranean, while the latter was generally higher in caves than in the overall sponge assemblages of each area. Resemblance analysis among areas revealed that cavernicolous sponge assemblages followed a pattern quite similar to that of the overall Mediterranean assemblages. The same pattern was exhibited by the zoogeographic affinities of cave sponges: species with Atlanto-Mediterranean distribution and Mediterranean endemics prevailed (more than 40% each), 70% of them having warm-water affinities, since most caves were studied in shallow waters. According to our findings, Mediterranean marine caves appear to be important sponge biodiversity reservoirs of high representativeness and great scientific interest, deserving further detailed study and protection.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 037440789

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

Related references

Marine caves of the Mediterranean Sea: a sponge biodiversity reservoir within a biodiversity hotspot. Plos one 7(7): E39873, 2012

Biodiversity of Sardinian marine caves sponge fauna. Biologia Marina Mediterranea 18(1): 258-259, 2011

Alien biodiversity in Mediterranean marine caves. Marine Ecology 37(2): 239-256, 2016

The Gyaros island marine reserve: a biodiversity hotspot in the eastern Mediterranean Sea. Plos one 17(2): E0262943, 2022

A Janus-faced biodiversity change and the partiality of ecological knowledge in a world biodiversity hotspot in Ghana: implications for biodiversity rehabilitation. Geoforum 38(4): 739-751, 2007

Biodiversity and conservation of rhododendrons in Arunachal Pradesh in the Indo-Burma biodiversity hotspot. Current Science 89(4): 623-634, 2005

The biodiversity-wind energy-land use nexus in a global biodiversity hotspot. Science of the Total Environment 768: 144471, 2021

How sampling effort affects biodiversity measures in an arid succulent karoo biodiversity hotspot. African Journal of Ecology 46(4): 488-499, 2008

Spectrum of concepts associated with the term "biodiversity": a case study in a biodiversity hotspot in South America. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 190(4): 207, 2018

Conservation of invertebrate biodiversity on a mountain in a global biodiversity hotspot, Cape Floral Region. Biodiversity and Conservation 17.12, 2008

The erosion of biodiversity and biomass in the Atlantic Forest biodiversity hotspot. Nature Communications 11(1): 6347, 2020

Socioeconomic and political trade-offs in biodiversity conservation a case study of the Cerrado Biodiversity Hotspot, Brazil. Diversity and Distributions 19(8): 977-987, 2013

Biodiversity gap analysis of the protected area system of the Indo-Burma Hotspot and priorities for increasing biodiversity representation. Biological Conservation 195: 203-213, 2016

The building of a biodiversity hotspot across a land-bridge in the Mediterranean. Proceedings. Biological Sciences 282(1813): 20151116, 2015

Exploring stream communities in a tropical biodiversity hotspot: biodiversity, regional occupancy, niche characteristics and environmental correlates. Biodiversity and Conservation 25(5): 975-993, 2016