+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Prevalence and molecular characterization of tick-borne encephalitis virus in Ixodes ricinus ticks collected in Slovenia



Prevalence and molecular characterization of tick-borne encephalitis virus in Ixodes ricinus ticks collected in Slovenia



Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases 11(6): 659-664



The hard tick Ixodes ricinus is the principal vector of tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) in Slovenia; but until now, there was no information about the prevalence of TBEV infection in Slovenian ticks. We conducted a 2-year survey in 2005 and 2006, during which we were collecting I. ricinus ticks monthly in eight different locations of Slovenia. A total of 4777 I. ricinus ticks were collected: 1515 in year 2005 and 3262 in year 2006. The collected ticks were pooled into groups from which total RNA was extracted. Viral RNA was detected using real-time RT-polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Ticks infected with TBEV were found in six of eight locations. Viral RNA was detected in 8 of the 230 pools of ticks collected in 2005 and in 14 of the 442 pools collected in 2006. Prevalence of TBEV infection in Slovenian ticks was determined as 0.47%: 0.54% in 2005 and 0.43% in 2006. The detected infection rate in ticks significantly correlates with the TBEV incidence rates in selected areas. Using the method of sequencing, we have confirmed that the TBEV in ticks is genetically related to the TBEV in Slovenian patients.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 037458031

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 21028962

DOI: 10.1089/vbz.2010.0054


Related references

The occurrence of Ixodes ricinus ticks and important tick-borne pathogens in areas with high tick-borne encephalitis prevalence in different altitudinal levels of the Czech Republic Part I. Ixodes ricinus ticks and tick-borne encephalitis virus. Epidemiologie Mikrobiologie Imunologie 65(2): 118-128, 2017

Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) virus prevalence and virus genome characterization in field-collected ticks (Ixodes ricinus) from risk, non-risk and former risk areas of TBE, and in ticks removed from humans in Germany. Clinical Microbiology and Infection 16(3): 238-244, 2010

The occurrence of Ixodes ricinus ticks and important tick-borne pathogens in areas with high tick-borne encephalitis prevalence in different altitudinal levels of the Czech Republic Part II. Ixodes ricinus ticks and genospecies of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato complex. Epidemiologie Mikrobiologie Imunologie 65(3): 182-192, 2017

Prevalence of tick-borne encephalitis virus in Ixodes ricinus and Dermacentor reticulatus ticks collected from the Lublin region (eastern Poland). Ticks and Tick-Borne Diseases 2(1): 16-19, 2011

Prevalence and phylogenetic analysis of tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) in field-collected ticks (Ixodes ricinus) in southern Switzerland. Parasites and Vectors 7: 443, 2014

Tick-borne encephalitis virus prevalence in Ixodes ricinus ticks collected in high risk habitats of the South-Bohemian region of the Czech Republic. Experimental and Applied Acarology 26(1-2): 145-151, 2002

Ticks and tick-borne pathogens in South Bohemia (Czech Republic)--Spatial variability in Ixodes ricinus abundance, Borrelia burgdorferi and tick-borne encephalitis virus prevalence. Ticks and Tick-Borne Diseases 6(5): 559-567, 2015

Prevalence of tick-borne encephalitis virus in Ixodes ricinus ticks in Finland. Journal of Medical Virology 64(1): 21-28, 2001

Distribution of Ixodes ricinus ticks and prevalence of tick-borne encephalitis virus among questing ticks in the Arctic Circle region of northern Norway. TicksandTick-BorneDiseases9(1):97, 2018

Molecular epidemiology of tick-borne encephalitis virus in Ixodes ricinus ticks in Lithuania. Journal of Medical Virology 77(2): 249-256, 2005

Prevalence of tick-borne encephalitis virus in Ixodes ricinus ticks from three islands in north-western Norway. Apmis 123(9): 759-764, 2015

Prevalence of tick-borne encephalitis virus in Ixodes ricinus ticks in northern Europe with particular reference to Southern Sweden. Parasites and Vectors 7: 102, 2014

Prevalence and genotyping of tick-borne encephalitis virus in questing Ixodes ricinus ticks in a new endemic area in western Switzerland. Journal of Medical Entomology 49(1): 156-164, 2012

Replication of tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) virus in Ixodes ricinus ticks. Folia Parasitologica 32(4): 373-375, 1985

The isolation of central european encephalitis tick borne encephalitis virus from ixodes ricinus ticks in southern germany. Zentralblatt fuer Bakteriologie Parasitenkunde Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene Erste Abteilung Originale Reihe A Medizinische Mikrobiologie und Parasitologie 242(2): 148-155, 1978