+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Rarity, life history and scaling of the dynamics in time and space of British birds



Rarity, life history and scaling of the dynamics in time and space of British birds



Journal of Animal Ecology 80(1): 215-224



1. Many patterns in macroecology are closely related to the total abundance of a species in a region. Here we show that interspecific differences in the pattern of population fluctuations of British bird species can be predicted from knowledge of their overall abundance and some basic life-history characteristics. 2. We identify a rarity syndrome that arises through an increased stochastic influence on population fluctuations with decreasing population size, mainly resulting from an inverse density-dependent effect of demographic stochasticity. This syndrome involves an increase in the annual changes in population size with increasing rarity in the United Kingdom. 3. The relationship between the magnitude of temporal variation and local mean population size differs between species dependent on their life history, i.e. species with larger clutch size and lower survival tended to have larger annual changes in population size than low-reproducing long-lived species. 4. The probability of local disappearance from a study plot depended on the population size and was hence closely related to the overall abundance of the species in UK. For a given population size, this probability was also related to species-specific life-history characteristics, being higher in species with larger clutch sizes and smaller survival rates. 5. Rareness results in a spatial decoupling of the temporal variation in population size. 6. These patterns show that once a species has become rare, e.g. due to human activities, key population dynamical characteristics will change because of density-dependent stochastic effects, which in turn are dependent on species-specific life-history characteristics.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 037460367

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 20840608

DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2656.2010.01751.x


Related references

Rarity in Chilean forest birds: which ecological and life-history traits matter?. Diversity and Distributions 13(2): 203-212, 2007

Bryophyte rarity viewed from the perspectives of life history strategy and metapopulation dynamics. Journal of Bryology 27(3): 261-268, 2005

Why are birds eggs colourful? Eggshell pigments co-vary with life-history and nesting ecology among British breeding non-passerine birds. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 106(3): 0-0, 2012

Resource use dynamics and interactions in the tropics: Scaling up in space and time. Agricultural systems 88(1): 8-27, 2006

Assessing trends in biodiversity over space and time using the example of British breeding birds. Journal of Applied Ecology 51(6): 1650-1660, 2014

Universal space-time scaling symmetry in the dynamics of bosons across a quantum phase transition. Science 354(6312): 606-610, 2016

British Birds Rarity Committee decisions. Birds of Christchurch Harbour, 37 No. 31, 1990

Survival rates and their relationship to life-history traits in some common British birds. Power, D M Current Ornithology 115-146, 1990

Abundance-range size relationships in British birds: Is unexplained variation a product of life history?. Ecography 20(5): 466-474, 1997

Describing space-time patterns in aquatic ecology using IBMs and scaling and multi-scaling approaches. Nonlinear Analysis Real World Applications 6(4): 705-730, 2005

Life-History Evolution: Grandmothering in Space and Time. Current Biology 29(6): R215-R218, 2019

The intertidal Chironomidae (Diptera) of British Columbia. II. Life history and population dynamics. Canadian entomologist: 104 (7) 1099-121, 1972

A Memorial Edition of the works of Vols i ii History of British Birds ; Land Birds, and Water Birds ; with wood-cuts of the Supplements incorporated. Unknown, 1885

Time, space, and life history: influences on food webs. Polis, G. A. , Winemiller, K. O. Food Webs: Integration Of Patterns And Dynamics. 435-460, 1996

Life-history syndromes: integrating dispersal through space and time. Ecology Letters 17(6): 756-767, 2014