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A review of development, modification and implementation of TED Turtle Excluder Device to reduce sea turtle bycatch in trawl fisheries



A review of development, modification and implementation of TED Turtle Excluder Device to reduce sea turtle bycatch in trawl fisheries



FAO Fisheries Reports, 738: 171-177 (Supplement)



Turtle Excluder Devices (TEDs), to reduce the capture of sea turtles in shrimp trawlers, were first developed in Western Countries from technology existing since the 1960s and designed to make towing more efficient (and hence called "trawling efficiency device"). Since the late 1980s, TEDs became compulsory in the United States (US) and their use spread to other countries following US regulations on shrimp imports that required nations exporting shrimp to the US to introduce TEDs in their shrimp trawlers. This paper reviews experiences in developing and implementing TEDs worldwide, including their main technical and operational features.

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Accession: 037693585

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