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Bats Mammalia Chiroptera of the eastern Mediterranean Part 1 Review of distribution and taxonomy of bats in Turkey

Benda, P.; Horacek, I.

Acta Societatis Zoologicae Bohemicae 624: 255-313

1998


Accession: 037918161

A complete list of all bat records up to now available from Turkey was compiled based on both the literary references and the original data. It is supplemented with distribution maps and brief summary of distributional and taxonomic status of each species. In total it covers 869 locality records of 31 chiropteran species: viz. Rousettus aegyptiacus (14 records), Rhinolophus ferrumequinum (104), R. hipposideros (65), R. euryale (47), R. mehelyi (24), R, blasii (29), Myotis myotis (63), M. blythii (82), M. bechsteinii (5), M. nattereri (17), M. emarginatus (19), M. mystacinus (28), M. brandtii (2), M. daubentonii (7), M. cappaccinii (27), Vespertilio murinus (3), Eptesicus serotinus (40), E. bottae (18), Hypsugo savii (18), Pipistrellus pipistrellus (72), Pipistrellus nathusii (6), P. kuhlii (45), Nyctalus noctula (6), N. leisleri (6), N. lasiopterus (1), Otonycteris hemprichi (1), Barbastella barbastellus s. 1. (8), Plecotus auritus (17), P. austriacus (11), Miniopterus schreibersii (58), and Tadarida teniotis (26). Several other species, such as Taphozous nudiventris, Asellia tridens, Myotis schaubi, and Eptesicus nilssonii, were recorded in closest neighbourhood of the Turkish territory and are looked upon as hot candidates to the Turkish fauna. In more species, a taxonomic inhomogenity (expressed e. g. with appearance of different subspecies) over the Turkish territory was demonstrated. Based on structural differences in bat fauna, the territory of Turkey was subdivided into three major faunal regions: (1) humid coastal region (northern, western and southwestern coast), (2) arid region of Central Anatolia, Armenian Highlands and Kurdistan, and (3) southern region of Cilician lowland, Hatay and Mesopotamia (that represents a borderline between a fauna of the West-Palearctic arboreal type and that of the Saharo-Sindian eremial).

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