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Causes of mortality in stranded Alaskan sea otters Enhydra lutris lutris

, : Causes of mortality in stranded Alaskan sea otters Enhydra lutris lutris. Unknown

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Ng, T.Fei.Fan.; Miller, M.A.; Kondov, N.O.; Dodd, E.M.; Batac, F.; Manzer, M.; Ives, S.; Saliki, J.T.; Deng, X.; Delwart, E., 2015: Oral papillomatosis caused by Enhydra lutris papillomavirus 1 (ElPV-1) in southern sea otters (Enhydra lutris nereis) in California, USA. The southern sea otter (Enhydra lutris nereis) is a threatened marine sentinel. During postmortem investigations of stranded sea otters from 2004 to 2013 in California, US, papillomas were detected in the oral cavity of at least seven otters via n...

Tuomi, P.A.; Murray, M.J.; Garner, M.M.; Goertz, C.E.C.; Nordhausen, R.W.; Burek-Huntington, K.A.; Getzy, D.M.; Nielsen, O.; Archer, L.L.; Maness, H.T.D.; Wellehan, J.F.X.; Waltzek, T.B., 2015: Novel poxvirus infection in northern and southern sea otters (Enhydra lutris kenyoni and Enhydra lutris neiris), Alaska and California, USA. Small superficially ulcerated skin lesions were observed between October 2009 and September 2011 during captive care of two orphaned sea otter pups: one northern (Enhydra lutris kenyoni) in Alaska and one southern (Enhydra lutris nereis) in Califo...

Carrasco, S.E.; Chomel, B.B.; Gill, V.A.; Kasten, R.W.; Maggi, R.G.; Breitschwerdt, E.B.; Byrne, B.A.; Burek-Huntington, K.A.; Miller, M.A.; Goldstein, T.; Mazet, J.A.K., 2014: Novel Bartonella infection in northern and southern sea otters (Enhydra lutris kenyoni and Enhydra lutris nereis). Since 2002, vegetative valvular endocarditis (VVE), septicemia and meningoencephalitis have contributed to an Unusual Mortality Event (UME) of northern sea otters in southcentral Alaska. Streptococcal organisms were commonly isolated from vegetati...

Nakajima,M.; Kohyama,K.; Furuta,A.; Kiyota,M., 2008: Body measurement records of captive Alaskan sea otters, Enhydra lutris kenyoni. Journal Of Japanese Association Of Zoos And Aquariums: 1, 15-20

Kreuder, C.; Miller, M.A.; Jessup, D.A.; Lowenstine, L.J.; Harris, M.D.; Ames, J.A.; Carpenter, T.E.; Conrad, P.A.; Mazet, J.A., 2003: Patterns of mortality in southern sea otters (Enhydra lutris nereis) from 1998-2001. Detailed postmortem examination of southern sea otters (Enhydra lutris nereis) found along the California (USA) coast has provided an exceptional opportunity to understand factors influencing survival in this threatened marine mammal species. In o...

Imai, D.; Jang, S.; Miller, M.; Conrad, P.A., 2009: Characterization of beta-hemolytic streptococci isolated from southern sea otters (Enhydra lutris nereis) stranded along the California coast. The goal of this study was to characterize the beta-hemolytic streptococci cultured from southern sea otters (Enhydra lutris nereis) stranded off the coast of California (USA) and to verify identifications made using the Lancefield system. Lancefi...

Miller, M.A.; Grigg, M.E.; Kreuder, C.; James, E.R.; Melli, A.C.; Crosbie, P.R.; Jessup, D.A.; Boothroyd, J.C.; Brownstein, D.; Conrad, P.A., 2004: An unusual genotype of Toxoplasma gondii is common in California sea otters (Enhydra lutris nereis) and is a cause of mortality. Toxoplasma gondii-associated meningoencephalitis is a significant disease of California sea otters (Enhydra lutris nereis), responsible for 16% of total mortality in fresh, beachcast carcasses. Toxoplasma gondii isolates were obtained from 35 Cali...

Miller, M.A.; Conrad, P.A.; Harris, M.; Hatfield, B.; Langlois, G.; Jessup, D.A.; Magargal, S.L.; Packham, A.E.; Toy-Choutka, S.; Melli, A.C.; Murray, M.A.; Gulland, F.M.; Grigg, M.E., 2011: A protozoal-associated epizootic impacting marine wildlife: mass-mortality of southern sea otters (Enhydra lutris nereis) due to Sarcocystis neurona infection. During April 2004,40 sick and dead southern sea otters (Enhydra lutris nereis) were recovered over 18 km of coastline near Morro Bay, California. This event represented the single largest monthly spike in mortality ever recorded during 30 years of...

Nakajima, M.; Furuta, A.; Fujimaki, Y.; Yamada, J., 1988: Breeding of the northern sea otter, Enhydra lutris lutris, at Izu Mito Sea Paradise. Journal of Japanese Association of Zoological Gardens and Aquariums, 302: 48-63

Hewlett, S., 1983: A decade of sea otters, Enhydra lutris. Aazpa (American Association Of Zoological Parks And Aquariums) Annual Proceedings: 224-228