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Chemical disturbance of the phytoplankton structure in an artificial pond Guaicaipuro, Edo Miranda, Venezuela Perturbacion quimica sobre la estructura del fitoplancton en un estanque artificial Guaicaipuro, Edo Miranda, Venezuela






Acta Cientifica Venezolana, 504: 195-200

Chemical disturbance of the phytoplankton structure in an artificial pond Guaicaipuro, Edo Miranda, Venezuela Perturbacion quimica sobre la estructura del fitoplancton en un estanque artificial Guaicaipuro, Edo Miranda, Venezuela

When an ecosystem is disturbed, it reverts to an early successional state, characterized by changes in community structure and function, that can be anticipated as response to stress. The purpose of this paper was to check the effect of a disturbance caused by application of chemical compound (Copper Sulfate, to 100 mug L-1 granular of 92%) on the phytoplankton community in a pond located in Guaicaipuro, Edo. Miranda (Venezuela), and compare the diversity and composition of the community before and after the chemical application. An additional purpose was, to test the Odum's hypothesis about the community response to chemical stress. The chemical compound was apply in different random points to assure homogeneous distribution in the water body. Only one application of the chemical was used 6 hours after the first sample was taken. Dissolved oxygen in surface and depth were measured. In order to estimate the diversity and composition of phytoplankton community, samples were taken in 5 random points of the pond, until a 2 liter sample was completed in an interdiary basis, during 30 days in the beginning of rainy season, between june and july of 1994. Oxygen showed a maximum value at surface of 9.3 mg O2/L and minimal value at depth (2.3 mg O2/L). Species richness varied between 4 and 18. Phytoplankton community varied between 7.1 X 104 and 7.8 X 106 cel/L, and diversity index between 0.12 and 1.39. Oxygen, species richness and phytoplankton minimal values were noticed at the fifth day after chemical application. Before chemical application, phytoplankton community was dominated by filamentous microalgae, especially Chlorophyta. After the fifth day, this group decreased in abundance and species number. On the seventh day small-size Cyanobacteria became dominant, particularly Chroococcoid forms. The community reverted to an early stage of ecological succession.


Accession: 038067668



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