Description of the immature stages of Acrosternum Chinavia ubicum Rolston Heteroptera Pentatomidae and effect of the host plant on size and coloration of nymphs Descricao dos Estagios Imaturos de Acrosternum Chinavia ubicum Rolston Heteroptera Pentatomidae e Efeito do Alimento no Tamanho e Coloracao das Ninfas

Schwertner, C.F.; Albuquerque, G.S.; Grazia, J.

Neotropical Entomology. October-December; 314: 571-579

2002


Accession: 038127204

Download citation:  
Text
  |  
BibTeX
  |  
RIS

Article/Abstract emailed within 1 workday
Payments are secure & encrypted
Powered by Stripe
Powered by PayPal

Abstract
Here we describe the immature stages of Acrosternum (Chinavia) ubicum Rolston, and test the effect of the host plant on the size and coloration of the nymphs, by feeding them with developing fruits of Crotalaria incana L., Phaseolus vulgaris L., Glycine max (L.) Merril, Abelmoschus esculentus (L.), and Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. A. ubicum immatures are very similar to those from other neotropical Acrosternum species. The egg coloration varies from ochre to brown; the chorion is reticulated and the micropylar processes are clubbed and white. First to third instars are predominantly dark and the abdomen has a series of creamy to white maculae. Second to fifth instars show red to orange-red maculae on each of the dorso-lateral margins of the pronotum and mesonotum. In the fourth and fifth instars, these maculae are wider, and may also appear on the margins of the jugae, on the pronotum and mesonotum, and in the middle of the mesal and lateral plates of the abdomen. The orange-red coloration of these dorsal maculae seems specific to A. ubicum, but additional studies with other species of the genus are necessary to validate it as a good diagnostic characteristic. Fourth and fifth instars presented light and dark morphs, and their proportion varied according to the type of plant used as food. From the third instar on, the food also affected most of the morphometric parameters measured, i.e., length and width of the body, pronotum and scutelum, and antennal length; only the rostrum length remained unchanged.