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Distribution and population aspects of the Iberian wolf in Ourense province Distribucion y aspectos poblacionales del lobo Iberico en la Provincia de Ourense

, : Distribution and population aspects of the Iberian wolf in Ourense province Distribucion y aspectos poblacionales del lobo Iberico en la Provincia de Ourense. Ecologia (Madrid): 18: 227-238

Wolf distribution area in Ourense Province (North-west Spain) was determined by field involving sampling routes to locate wolf signs and by sending questionnaires to from Nature Conservation Service of Xunta de Galicia and to Hunters Societies to the study area. Results were registered in squares U.T.M. 10x10 Km. Wolf was detected on 79,2% of the surveyed squares, being wolf distribution area in the estimated in appr. 6.400 km2. In order to locate packs, initially all the study results area was surveyed based on squares 10x10 Km and then according to the results and the received information, several potential areas were selected to conduct howling stationsand observation points. It was detected the existence of25 wolves in the study area. Wolf density in Ourense province was estimated in 2,10 - 3,28 wolves / 100 km2. Among the dead wolves known between January of 1999 and April of 2002 (n=37), a high percentage is due to run-over (70,27%) mainly in two specific roads and8,10% corresponds to poisoning . Presently wolf density in Ourense is higher than the values obtained in others neighbouring provinces, however human caused threats, either direct (poison, illegal persecution...) orindirect (forest fires, highways, windmills stations ) can jeopardize the existence of reproductive packs and even the presence of this species in certain areas.

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