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Frugivory in overwintering black redstarts Phoenicurus ochruros in south-eastern France La frugivorie chez le rougequeue noir Phoenicurus ochruros en hivernage dans le sud-est de la France



Frugivory in overwintering black redstarts Phoenicurus ochruros in south-eastern France La frugivorie chez le rougequeue noir Phoenicurus ochruros en hivernage dans le sud-est de la France



Alauda, 703: 351-361



The feeding behaviour of Black Redstarts on berries of China and Virginia Creepers Ampelopsis sp. and Parthenocissus sp. was studied during the overwintering period in south-eastern France from 1994 to 2000. The Black Redstarts were feeding widely on these berries from October to February. They were competiting for this resource with Blackcaps. The average weight of a berry was 0,433 gr. (n = 50) in 1994 and 0,35 gr. (n =100) in 2001 after very hot and dry summer. An individual Black Redstart was estimated to consume from 50 to 100 berries every day during cold weather. This fruit eating behaviour decreases but does not stop completely when temperature rises. This fruit diet helps the Redstarts to stay in southern France in suburbia and near human habitations durina the cold season.

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