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Mobbing - 20th centurys expression Mobbing-ein Begriff des 20 Jahrhunderts


, : Mobbing - 20th centurys expression Mobbing-ein Begriff des 20 Jahrhunderts. Ornithologische Beobachter. Maerz; 1001: 9-15

Mobbing is well known as an anti-predator behaviour, especially in birds. It is initiated mainly by little songbirds with the aim to harass and disturb an owl, a raptor or a corvid. The meaning of such a behaviour can be explained by the move-on hypothesis (bothering a predator and forcing it to leave the area) and/or the cultural transmission hypothesis (experienced tutor birds transmit their knowledge to naive ones), in 1902 the first page of the newly established journal "Der Ornithologische Beobachter" was illustrated by a mobbing scene; the fascination this behaviour generates has not diminished since then. Originally, German ethologists used "Hassen" or "Feindhassen" to describe this behaviour, but together with the growing importance of the anglophone literature mobbing became a common term in German ornithology. Nevertheless, in the last 10 or 20 years the term mobbing was adopted by sociopsychologists and (re)-introduced successfully to the German language. Nowadays, it is an everyday word in the sense of intriguing against somebody at school or at work.

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Related references

Hegelbach, Johann, 2003: Mobbing-ein Begriff des 20. Jahrhunderts. Mobbing is well known as an anti-predator behaviour, especially in birds. It is initiated mainly by little songbirds with the aim to harass and disturb an owl, a raptor or a corvid. The meaning of such a behaviour can be explained by the move-on h...

Anonymous, 1961: The motivational organisation controlling the mobbing calls of the blackbird III Changes in the intensity of mobbing due to changes in the effect of the owl or to the progressive waning of mobbing

Ozturk, H.; Sokmen, S.; Yilmaz, F.; Cilingir, D., 2008: Measuring mobbing experiences of academic nurses: development of a mobbing scale. The aims of this study were to develop a mobbing scale for academic nurses and to determine their mobbing experiences. Data were collected between January and June 2006 with a 60-item mobbing scale and a questionnaire composed of 6 questions conce...

Nolen, M.T. {a}; 1 ; Lucas, J.R.; 1 Email: nolen.mark@gmail.com, 2009: Asymmetries in mobbing behaviour and correlated intensity during predator mobbing by nuthatches, chickadees and titmice. In mixed-species foraging flocks of forest birds, one or a few nuclear species frequently produce alarm calls and are followed by other species in the flock. We tested the hypothesis that similar asymmetries may exist in a second interspecific soc...

Andrew, R.J.; III., 1961: Changes in the intensity of mobbing due to changes in the effect of the owl or to the progressive waning of mobbing. Behaviour, 18: 25-43

Yildirim, A.; Yildirim, D., 2007: Mobbing in the workplace by peers and managers: mobbing experienced by nurses working in healthcare facilities in Turkey and its effect on nurses. This research was conducted as a descriptive and cross-sectional study with the purpose of determining the mobbing experienced by nurses who work in healthcare facilities in Turkey, its emotional, social and physiological effects on the nurses and...

Anonymous, 1961: The motivational organisation controlling the mobbing calls of the blackbird 1 Effects of flight on mobbing calls

Juergens, U.; Lu, C.L.; Quondamatteo, F., 1996: C-fos expression during vocal mobbing in the new world monkey Saguinus fuscicollis. In order to find brain areas involved in the vocal expression of emotion, we compared c-fos expression in three groups of saddle-back tamarins (Saguinus fuscicollis). One group, consisting of three animals, was made to utter more than 800 mobbing...

Jürgens, U.; Lu, C.L.; Quondamatteo, F., 1996: C-fos expression during vocal mobbing in the new world monkey Saguinus fuscicollis. In order to find brain areas involved in the vocal expression of emotion, we compared c-fos expression in three groups of saddle-back tamarins (Saguinus fuscicollis). One group, consisting of three animals, was made to utter more than 800 mobbing...

Görsdorf, T., 1996: Mobbing. Kinderkrankenschwester 15(9): 346-348