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On the helminthic fauna of the red fox Vulpes vulpes L in southern Lower Saxony Zur Helminthenfauna des Rotfuchses Vulpes vulpes L in Sudniedersachsen Teil 1 Nematoden und Trematoden



On the helminthic fauna of the red fox Vulpes vulpes L in southern Lower Saxony Zur Helminthenfauna des Rotfuchses Vulpes vulpes L in Sudniedersachsen Teil 1 Nematoden und Trematoden



Zeitschrift fuer Jagdwissenschaft. Marz; 401: 30-39



From November 1991 to March 1992 400 red foxes were examined for the presence of nematodes and trematodes. The foxes came from the districts of Gottingen, Osterode, Northeim, Holzminden, Hildesheim, Hameln-Pyrmont, and Schaumburg. The intestinal tract, gall bladder, urinary bladder, and the muscles of all animals were investigated as were 72 lungs and 3 embryos. 37.6% of the foxes were less than 1 year old, and 62.4% were older. 52.4% of all foxes were male, and 47.6% were female. Capillaria plica was found in 98.3% of the urinary bladders examined and Capillaria aerophila occurred in 77.8% of the lungs. 56.5% of the foxes were infected with Toxocara canis, 13% with Uncinaria stenocephala, 5.5% with Crenosoma vulpis, and 4.5% with Toxascaris leonina. Larvae of Trichinella spiralis could not be demonstrated in any of the foxes. In the muscles, however, larvae of ankylostomides and Toxocara canis were found. One embryo also had a larvae of Toxocara canis. Trematode infections were evident in the gall bladder fluid. Regional concentrations of the various parasite infestations were not apparent for most of the species investigated. Only Toxascaris leonina occurred much more frequently in the district of Osterode. The high rates of Capillaria plica and Capillaria aerophila infestations as well as the lack of a correlation of these infections with age demonstrate a low immunity against these parasites.

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