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Ostrich Struthio camelus conservation in Cameroon through its valorization prospects coming from breeding Conservation de lautruche Struthio camelus au Cameroun par sa valorisation perspectives offertes par lelevage


Ostrich Struthio camelus conservation in Cameroon through its valorization prospects coming from breeding Conservation de lautruche Struthio camelus au Cameroun par sa valorisation perspectives offertes par lelevage



Game and Wildlife Science 21(3): 387-394



Several species of wild animals are endangered with extinction in Cameroon. The ostrich, Struthio camelus, which is one of these animals, has been protected since 1994. In 2000, there were about fifty individuals left in the Waza National Park, in the far northern part of the country. The number of ostriches has steadily decreased in the park despite more than half a century of protection. This repressive management method has progressively evolved into a participative management method. The primary cause of this drop in number is poaching, which is carried out by the local populations searching for eggs whose shells are sold to tourists, and for adult animals killed for their meat, and even more so for their bone marrow which is widely used in traditional medicine. Commercial hunting is carried out by foreigners, the skin being used in the fabrication of hand-crafted objects. In addition to these problems, natural predation occurs, mostly by jackals, Canis aureus, and hyenas, Hyaena hyaena, which targets the hatchlings often already weakened by the harsh climactic conditions. One of the alternatives for the conservation of this species is the introduction of its breeding in "game ranching" or "game farming" near the park and urban centers where there are consumers of the products taken from this animal. The products of such breeding farms or ranches could be used as animals for reintroductions into the wild, improving the visual tourism, and be valorized on the national meat- and craft markets.

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Ostrich (Struthio camelus) conservation in Cameroon through its valorization: prospects coming from breeding. Game and Wildlife Science 21(3): 387-394, 2004

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