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Pollinator activity and conduct aspects of bee Xylocopa cubaecola in natural conditions Actividad polinizadora y aspectos conductuales de la abeja Xylocopa cubaecola Lucas Hymenoptera Apoidea en condiciones naturales


Pollinator activity and conduct aspects of bee Xylocopa cubaecola in natural conditions Actividad polinizadora y aspectos conductuales de la abeja Xylocopa cubaecola Lucas Hymenoptera Apoidea en condiciones naturales



Fitosanidad 54: 25-30



The bee Xylocopa cubaeccia Lucas is an endemic species of Cuba. Studies of the conduct in this species have been carried out in unnatural conditions but its behavior in natural habitats has not been studied yet. The pollinator activity of this bee was biweekly evaluated during 1997 and 1998 in a natural population of the orchid Encyclia phoenicea (Linda) Neum. by means of direct and indirect observations where it turns out to be the unique pollinator of the plant. Due to the tack of nectar or another reward in the flowers the frequency of visits was tower, what led to a fruit set of a 0.6 and 0.1% for the first and second years of study respectively, while plants artificially pollinated had a fruit set of 74.4%. Nevertheless, the behavior of the bee in the flight (intermittent visits) and during its permanency in the flower (buzzing collect) is a guarantee for pollination. Furthermore, during observations the vi-sits of the insect always resulted in effective pollinations.

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