Small mammals of Styria insectivores Mammalia, Insectivora Die Kleinsaeuger der Steiermark Insektenfresser Mammalia Insectivora

Komposch, B.

Mitteilungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereines fuer Steiermark 133: 127-147


Accession: 038657074

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10 species of insectivores are known from Styria. Details about their horizontal and vertical distribution are given for all species. 1060 published and unpublished data were analysed in a faunistical, zoogeographical context, as well using data from the mammal-fauna of Austria (SPITZENBERGER 2001) and personal records from environmental projects (85 new locations). The aim of the investigation is to summarise all data concerning insectivores in Styria to describe the actual status quo. Erinaceus europaeus is only known from Enns and Palten (valleys). The centre of its distribution is situated in the submontane zone. Erinaceus concolor lives mainly in the south-eastern and south-western parts of Styria. Most records are from the planar-collin and submontane zone. Sorex minutus occurs mainly in the submontane and montane zone. This species lives in diverse, richly structured habitats with a cool-humid micro-climate, often together with Sorex araneus. Sorex araneus and S. minutes are the most common insectivores in Styria. The former species inhabits wooded and unwooded habitats in the whole region from the planar-collin to the subalpine zone. Sorex alpinus occurs from the submontane to the montane zone; records from lowlands come mostly from canyon forests. Neomys anomalus lives in lowlands near running and standing water. Its frequency decreases above the montane zone. Neomys fodiens occurs in Styria in all suitable habitats. Crocidura suaveolens inhabits the planar-collin and submontane zone mainly in the southeastern and southwestern part of Styria. Crocidura leucodon lives only in the southeastern and southwestern parts of the region. Talpa europaea occurs in the whole of Styria.