Stratigraphy, paleoecology and foraminifers of the Paleogene from the Alpes de Haute-Provence and the Alpes Maritimes Stratigraphie, paleoecologie et foraminiferes du paleogene des Alpes Maritimes et des Alpes de Haute-Provence sud-est de la France
Sztrakos, K. du Fornel, E.
Revue de Micropaleontologie 46: 229-267
ISSN/ISBN: 0035-1598 Accession: 038685338
Paleogene sedimentation in the Alpes Maritimes and Alpes de Haute Provence regions is composed of one complete sedimentary sequence. This sequence begins with the continental Formation from Microcodium and continues with the Cerithium layers, the Calcaires Nummulitiques and the Marnes Bleues, which are overlaid by the turbidites of the Gres d'Annot Formation. Sedimentation starts in the Nummulites perforatus zone close to the base of the Truncorotaloides rohri zone (P14) and ends in the Cassigerinella chipolensis-Pseudohastigerina micra zone (P 18) and the NP21 zone in the upper part of the Gres d'Annot. More biomarkers were used in order to define a more detailed local biozonation (biozones AMP 1 to AMP 7). Four local zones were also defined by the last occurrence of Nummulites millecaput and N. perforatus-N. ptukhiani and then by the first appearance of N. retiatus (AMGF 1-4). The evolution of benthic foraminiferal assemblages shows an increase in bathymetry from the internal platform in the Cerithium layers to the calcareous platform with large foraminifers, then to the external platform and the deep offshore environment of the Marnes Bleues and Gres d'Annot. Low faunal diversity in the Gres d'Annot together with the predominance of agglutinated species indicates a poorly oxygenated, organic rich and turbidite environment. Seven steps (SD 1 to SD 7) in the Eocene marine transgression are shown from East to West by detailed local biozonation and sequence analysis. Gres d'Annot sedimentation is also diachronous, beginning within the Truncorotaloides rohri zone (P14, AMP 1) in the East and ending within the Pararotalia opima opima zone (P 20, middle Rupelian) in the West (Barreme). Small foraminifer Paleogene fauna from the Alpes Maritimes and Alpes de Haute Provence was studied from 400 samples. It is composed of 378 species. Two new taxa are proposed: Fissurina niceana n. sp. and Globocassidulina alpina n. sp. The species from the Escarene and Gorbio neighborhood described by M. von Hantken (1884) were re-examined.