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The diet of fruit-eating bats Mammalia, Chiroptera, Phyllostomidae in a small semideciduous seasonal forest remnant in south Brazil A dieta dos morcegos frugivoros Mammalia, Chiroptera, Phyllostomidae de um pequeno remanescente de Floresta Estacional Semidecidual do sul do Brasil


The diet of fruit-eating bats Mammalia, Chiroptera, Phyllostomidae in a small semideciduous seasonal forest remnant in south Brazil A dieta dos morcegos frugivoros Mammalia, Chiroptera, Phyllostomidae de um pequeno remanescente de Floresta Estacional Semidecidual do sul do Brasil



Revista Brasileira de Zoologia. Marco; 191: 239-249



The diet of some leaf-nosed frugivorous bats - Artibeus Leach, 1821, Carollia perspicillata (Linnaeus, 1758) and Sturnira lilium (E. Geoffroy, 1810) - was studied for nine consecutive months through faecal analysis of individuals captured with mist-nets in a small forest remnant of Parana state, Brazil. The analysis revealed that Artibeus spp. exhibited preference for fruits of Ficus spp. and Carollia perspicillata for those of Piper spp., which is in accordance with the results of previous studies. But contrary to what was expected, fruit of Solanum spp. were not found for the diet of Sturnira lilium in spite of their high availability (16 species) in the study area and their known relationship with this bat genus. The species of consumed fruit belonged to several plant life forms (trees, bushes, and lianas) and occurred in several habitats. This result emphasizes the importance of keeping habitat diversity, especially in small isolated reserves. Most consumed fruits were green, in agreement with the chiropterochoric syndrome, but all seeds were small due to limitations of the sampling method. Fruit species abundance in the study area did not seem to have influenced their consumption, but intra-specific fruit availability did so, since most fruits were consumed within their intra-annual peak of availability.

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