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The estimation of density of badger sets in two lowland-areas A borz kotoreksurusegenek felmerese ket alfoldi teruleten

The estimation of density of badger sets in two lowland-areas A borz kotoreksurusegenek felmerese ket alfoldi teruleten

Vadbiologia, 11: 83-91

The changing of size of area and density of badgers (Meles meles) of Hungary is known by mail questionnaire surveys. These data show exactly the country-wide trends of these changes: the badger population is expanding and occupy new habitats. To have accurate and detailed information on the badger population of an area we have to make a field study. We choose two lowland areas of the eastern part of Hungary where the badger have occurred with increasing density in the last decade. The sample area of Erddspuszta is a woodland, the other one in Hortobagy is principally an unwooded area. Our estimation method was a line transect survey. The estimated density of badger setts in the wooded area shows similar data to the population densities of Transdanubian areas where the badgers have a long history and traditional incidence and even the unwooded sample area has also a considerable badger sets density. In the wooded Erdospuszta we estimated 1,07 inhabited setts/100 hectare. In the sample area of Hortobagy we estimated 0,3 inhabited setts/100 hectare. Because of the role of badgers in nature conservation (potential predator of ground nesting birds), in small-game management (predator) and even in agriculture (both in plant-farming and animal health) these significant badger densities require more attention on this expanding species also in the lowland areas.

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