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The role of wild boars in the spread of trichinosis in East Croatia Bedeutung des Schwarzwildes fur die Verbreitung von Trichinose in Ostkroatien

, : The role of wild boars in the spread of trichinosis in East Croatia Bedeutung des Schwarzwildes fur die Verbreitung von Trichinose in Ostkroatien. Zeitschrift fuer Jagdwissenschaft. Juni; 442: 98-101

This work describes the occurrence of trichinosis in three districts of East Croatia: Vukovarsko-srijemska, Osjecko-baranjska and Brodsko-posavska. Trichinosis in pigs slaughtered for household needs during 1995 and 1996 and the number of people suffering from this zoonosis in the period from 1994 to 1996 were studied. The tables show that the number of positive findings of T. spiralis in the meat of pigs slaughtered for household needs was 0.37% with respect to the total number of samples tested in East Croatia (N = 81,176 samples). There were 20 (5.8%) positive findings out of 342 samples of the meat of wild boars tested in 1995; in 1996, there were 21 (5,7%) positive findings out of 368 tested samples. The number of people suffering from trichinosis in East Croatia was also significant: 68% with respect to the total number of cases recorded throughout Croatia. The increased number of infected pigs and people who contracted trichinosis may be due to the increased spread of trichinosis in wild boars, migration of people and animals during the war in Croatia and uncontrolled slaughter and marketing of meat. Prophylaxis should include stringent veterinary and sanitary measures of supervision and control. This includes the inspection of meat of all slaughtered pigs and wild animals by trichinoscopic methods and safe removal of trichinae-infected meat. Additionally, systematic rodent control measures should be undertaken in that area to reduce the number of rodents, and the population should be informed through media. All hunters and distributors should regularly submit the meat of killed wild boars, bears and badgers for inspection.

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