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Wear and tear on the stridulatory file of the field cricket, Gryllus campestris Orthoptera Gryllidae Funktionsbedingte Abnutzungs- und Verschleisserscheinungen an der Schrilleiste der Feldgrille Gryllus campestris Orthoptera Gryllidae


Wear and tear on the stridulatory file of the field cricket, Gryllus campestris Orthoptera Gryllidae Funktionsbedingte Abnutzungs- und Verschleisserscheinungen an der Schrilleiste der Feldgrille Gryllus campestris Orthoptera Gryllidae



Entomologia Generalis 27(3-4): 277-285



ISSN/ISBN: 0171-8177

Cricket male male sing by rubbing their forewings (tegmina) rhythmically against each other. A file with regularly spaced teeth on the underside of the right tegmen is scraped against a ridge (plectrum) on the left tegmen. In Gryllus campestris both forewings and files are morphologically identical but, being an exclusive 'right-stroker', only the right file is subjected to mechanical stress. SEM-studies of files from older male male have revealed conspicuous signs of wear and tear. The number of defects was significantly higher on the right tegmen than on the left in all the 20 pairs of files studied. Two typical defects are notches on the chisel-like edges of the hooked file teeth and cracks in the saddle-shaped interspaces. The form and location of these defects reveal the points of highest mechanical stress during stridulatory impact.

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Accession: 038885684

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