Section 39
Chapter 38,933

Effect of chlorine substitution on the bacterial metabolism of various polychlorinated biphenyls

Furukawa, K.; Tomizuka, N.; Kamibayashi, A.

Applied and Environmental Microbiology 38(2): 301-310


ISSN/ISBN: 0099-2240
PMID: 117752
Accession: 038932991

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Of 36 pure isomers (chlorine numbers 1 to 5) of polychlorinated biphenyls examined, 23 compounds were metabolized by Alcaligenes sp. strain Y42, and 33 compounds were metabolized by Acinetobacter sp. strain P6. The major pathway of many polychlorinated biphenyl isomers examined was considered to proceed through 2',3'-dihydro-2',3'-diol compounds, concomitant dehydrogenated 2',3'-dihydroxy compounds, subsequently the 1',2'-meta-cleavage compounds (chlorinated derivatives of 2-hydroxy-6-oxo-6-phenylhexa-2,4-dienoic acids), and then chlorobenzoic acids. The meta-cleavage products were usually converted to chlorobenzoic acids upon further incubation in many polychlorinated biphenyls, but they accumulated specifically in the metabolism of 2,4'-, 2,4,4'-, and 2,5,4'-chlorobiphenyls, which are all chlorinated at the 2,4'-position in the molecules in common. Dihydroxy compounds accumulated mainly in the metabolism of 2,6-, 2,3,6-, 2,4,2',5'-, 2,5,2',5'-, and 2,4,5,2',5'-chlorobiphenyls by Acinetobacter sp. P6. The 2,3,2',3'-, 2,3,2',5'-, and 2,4,5,2',3'-chlorobiphenyls, which are chlorinated at the 2,3-position of one of the rings, were metabolized in a different fashion. Two major metabolites of a chlorobenzoic acid and an unknown compound accumulated always in the metabolism of this group of polychlorinated biphenyls. 2,4,6-Trichlorobiphenyl was metabolized quite differently between the two organisms. Alcaligenes sp. Y42 metabolized this compound very slowly to trichlorobenzoic acid by the major oxidative route. In contrast, Acinetobacter sp. P6 metabolized it to a trihydroxy compound via a dihydroxy compound.

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