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Fluoride inhibition of inorganic pyrophosphatase. I. Kinetic studies in a Mg2+-PPi system using a new continuous enzyme assay


Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 429(3): 982-992
Fluoride inhibition of inorganic pyrophosphatase. I. Kinetic studies in a Mg2+-PPi system using a new continuous enzyme assay
Reversible inhibition of bakers' yeast inorganic pyrophosphatase (EC 3.6.1.1) by fluoride has been studied as a function of substrate, metal-ion activator and inhibitor concentrations and pH using a new continuous enzyme assay with an automatic phosphate analyzer. The inhibition was shown to be the result of tight binding of fluoride by two catalytically active enzyme-substrate complexes. The reaction between pyrophosphatase and fluoride is relatively slow, so that the rate constants for the binding and release of the inhibitor were derived from phosphate formation curves measured on the time scale of enzyme assays. The pH-dependence of the inhibition reaction in the alkaline medium indicates that both the fluoride-enzyme interaction and the catalytic step of the pyrophosphatase reaction are controlled by the same group on the protein. In the acidic medium, the inhibition is considerably enhanced, presumably because of the protonation of another enzyme group.

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Accession: 038940583

PMID: 5150

DOI: 10.1016/0005-2744(76)90343-0



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